Joel M. Cline

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We have developed a facile procedure for rapid PCR-based site-directed mutagenesis of double-stranded DNA. Increasing the initial template concentration and decreasing the PCR cycles to 5-10 allows us to reduce the rate of undesired second-site mutations and dramatically increase the time savings. Following PCR, DpnI treatment is used to select against(More)
Over the past several years, our group has provided considerable evidence that the expression of sigma-2 (σ2) receptors may serve as a biomarker of tumour cell proliferation. In these in vitro studies, σ2receptors were expressed 8–10 times more in proliferative (P) tumour cells than in quiescent (Q) tumour cells, and the extent and kinetics of their(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Little is known about the role of mitochondrial beta-oxidation in development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (MTP) catalyzes long-chain fatty acid oxidation. Recently, we generated a mouse model for MTP deficiency and reported that homozygous (MTPa-/-) mice suffer neonatal death. In this(More)
Although a causal role of genetic alterations in human cancer is well established, it is still unclear whether dietary fat can modulate cancer risk in a predisposed population. Epidemiological studies suggest that diets rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce cancer incidence. To determine the influence of fatty acids on prostate cancer risk in(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and conjugated equine estrogens plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (CEE/MPA), or ethinyl estradiol plus norethindrone acetate (EE/NA) on biomechanics of uterosacral (USL) and round (RL) ligaments in postmenopausal (PMP) monkeys. STUDY DESIGN This was a randomized, triple(More)
Prostate cancer patients have increased levels of stress and anxiety. Conversely, men who take beta blockers, which interfere with signaling from the stress hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline, have a lower incidence of prostate cancer; however, the mechanisms underlying stress-prostate cancer interactions are unknown. Here, we report that stress promotes(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous peptide of the renin-angiotensin system with vasodilator and antiproliferative properties. Our previous studies showed that Ang-(1-7) reduced serum-stimulated growth of human lung cancer cells in vitro through activation of a unique AT((1-7)) receptor. The current study investigates the effect of Ang-(1-7) on(More)
We explored the association of mammographic density, a breast cancer risk factor, with hormonal and proliferation markers in benign tissue from tumor blocks of pre-and postmenopausal breast cancer cases. Breast cancer cases were recruited from a case-control study on breast density. Mammographic density was assessed on digitized prediagnostic mammograms(More)
The purpose of this work was to examine the mammary glands of adult, ovariectomized female cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in a long-term study of the effects of hormone treatments on chronic disease. Treatments included conjugated equine estrogens (CEE), medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), CEE+MPA, and tamoxifen. Doses were scaled from those given(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been developed for measuring the in vivo binding of a hexafluorinated 2-nitroimidazole (CCI-103F) in tumour tissue biopsies. The binding of CCI-103F is believed to reflect the presence of hypoxia in tumours. The ELISA provides a sensitive and convenient method of measuring CCI-103F binding which does not(More)