Joel M. Bernstein

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Nasopharyngeal carriage of the three major middle ear pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, nontypeable Hemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis) was evaluated prospectively in a group of 110 children followed up for the first 3 years of life. The findings suggested that nasopharyngeal carriage of middle ear pathogens increases significantly during(More)
Memory T cells in human non-small cell lung cancer are unresponsive to progressing tumors. T cells were evaluated at the single cell level by imaging the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and NFAT via immunofluorescence confocal microscopy as an early measure of responsiveness to T cell receptor triggering. Little translocation of NF-kappaB or NFAT(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of chronic hyperplastic sinusitis with massive nasal polyposis is still an enigma; however, the molecular biology of this disease is beginning to become unraveled and the proinflammatory cytokines and the message and the product of these cytokines have all been identified in nasal polyps. However, the initial trigger that causes(More)
The quantitative bacteriology of the adenoid was studied in otitis-prone and non-otitis-prone children. alpha-hemolytic Streptococci (Viridans Streptococci) appeared to be predominant normal flora in the healthy nasopharynx. There was a decrease in alpha-hemolytic Streptococci in the otitis-prone child compared to the non-otitis-prone child. Concomitantly,(More)
Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) has a worldwide distribution. This survey of 20 otolaryngologic practices throughout the United States confirmed a variation in the frequency of AFRS relative to endoscopic sinus procedures performed for all other diagnoses. The highest incidence occurred in Memphis, Tennessee at 23%, with three other southern practices(More)
Chronic maxillary sinusitis is a chronic inflammatory condition in which the role of microbial infection remains undefined. Bacteria have been isolated from chronically inflamed sinuses; however, their role in the chronicity of inflammation is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether bacteria are present in clinical samples from chronic(More)
It is assumed that the causative bacteria in children suffering from otitis media reach the middle ear via the eustachian tube. The purpose of this investigation was to use endonuclease restriction of bacterial chromosomal DNA to compare isolates of nontypable (NT) Haemophilus influenzae obtained from the nasopharynx and from middle ear (ME) effusions of(More)
The nasopharyngeal flora of healthy children were compared with flora in children with otitis media caused by nontypable Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis. Forty healthy children were followed prospectively and compared with 70 children with 43 episodes of nontypable H. influenzae, 21 episodes of S. pneumoniae and 28(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the long-term efficacy of intranasal furosemide, an inhibitor of the sodium chloride cotransporter channel at the basolateral surface of the respiratory epithelial cell, vs no therapeutic intervention vs intranasal mometasone furoate, a corticosteroid, in preventing relapses of chronic hyperplastic sinusitis with nasal polyposis. (More)