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A study of lung cancer risk from residential radon exposure and its radioactive progeny was performed with 200 cases (58% male, 42% female) and 397 controls matched on age and sex, all from the same health maintenance organization. Emphasis was placed on accurate and extensive year-long dosimetry with etch-track detectors in conjunction with careful(More)
Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, prematurity, and familial airway hyperreactivity may contribute to long-term pulmonary sequelae. We assessed the role of each by testing pulmonary function and airway reactivity in 11 prematurely born children who survived the respiratory distress syndrome and in 11 prematurely born children who had no neonatal(More)
The efficacy of negative pressure ventilation (NPV) in alleviating sleep-induced reductions in alveolar ventilation and in producing long-term clinical benefits was studied in 5 patients (54 +/- 8 yr of age; mean +/- SD) with chronic respiratory failure secondary to restrictive ventilatory impairment (VC, 40 +/- 14% predicted; TLC, 72 +/- 18% predicted;(More)
We examined the clinical and respiratory physiologic characteristics of 18 patients in whom a diagnosis of central sleep apnea syndrome was established by overnight polysomnographic studies. The patients could be readily divided into 2 groups on the basis of physiologic and clinical criteria. Five patients had an awake arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) of 53 +/- 4(More)
We studied five patients with chronic stable congestive heart failure (CHF), all of whom demonstrated recurrent apneas in association with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) during sleep. All five patients had symptoms consistent with a sleep apnea syndrome. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) was administered at 8 to 12.5 cm H2O to all patients(More)
The electromyographic activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi) and scalene muscle (EMGsc) was studied in the supine and upright positions, respectively, during hyperoxic progressive hypercapnic rebreathing (HCVR) in five healthy males. End-expiratory esophageal pressure (EEPes) was quantified on a breath-to-breath basis as a reflection of altered end-expiratory(More)
Five patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and 1 with left ventricular dysfunction but without CHF were found to have sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea (CSA) related to Cheyne-Stokes respiration was seen in 4 cases while obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was seen in 2. All patients had symptoms of sleep apnea. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure(More)
1. Inspiratory oesophageal pressure and ventilatory responses to hyperoxic, progressive hypercapnic rebreathing (HCVR) and isocapnic, progressive hypoxic rebreathing (HVR) were studied in five normal males in both supine and upright seated positions. 2. No significant differences were found in the ventilatory response to hypercapnia between the supine and(More)
We studied the electromyographic activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi) and abdominal external oblique (EMGeo) muscles in response to progressive hypercapnia (HCVR) and hypoxia (HVR) in five normal males. The slopes of the regression lines relating log EMGdi activity to minute volume of ventilation (VE) were steeper during HVR runs than HCVR runs (mean +/- SE,(More)
This report was developed under a contract with the Small Business Administration, Office of Advocacy, and contains information and analysis that was reviewed and edited by officials of the Office of Advocacy. However, the final conclusions of the report do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Advocacy. Advocacy: the voice of small business in(More)