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OBJECTIVE More than 90% of chiropractic patients receive high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) as part of their chiropractic care. The purpose of the current study was determine how the duration of a lumbar HVLA-SM given under force control affects the discharge of paraspinal muscle spindle afferents. METHODS Experiments were(More)
1. In barbiturate-anesthetized cats we examined the interaction of lactic acid and static contraction on the discharge of group III muscle afferents. Only afferents whose receptive fields were located in the triceps surae muscles were studied. 2. Twelve of 20 afferents were stimulated by a 60-s static contraction. The majority of firing occurred within the(More)
  • Joel G Pickar
  • 2002
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Despite clinical evidence for the benefits of spinal manipulation and the apparent wide usage of it, the biological mechanisms underlying the effects of spinal manipulation are not known. Although this does not negate the clinical effects of spinal manipulation, it hinders acceptance by the wider scientific and health-care communities and(More)
STUDY DESIGN The response of mechanosensitive afferent nerve endings in the lumbar spine to manipulation of a lumbar facet isolated using a unique surgical approach was studied in anesthetized adult cats. OBJECTIVES To characterize sensory nerve endings in the lumbar spine with respect to their receptive field and conduction velocity and to assess their(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of spinal manipulation on electromyographic (EMG) activity in areas of localized tight muscle bundles of the low back. METHODS Surface EMG activity was collected from 16 participants in 2 chiropractic offices during the 5 to 10 minutes of the treatment protocol. Electrodes were placed over the 2 sites of greatest paraspinal(More)
Stimulation of group III and IV muscle afferents has been shown to have important reflex effects on both the somatic and autonomic nervous systems. These include an inhibitory effect on alpha motoneurones, an excitatory effect on gamma motoneurones and an excitatory effect on the sympathetic nervous system. The purpose of this review is to describe the(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms underlying the benefits of spinal manipulation are not well understood. Neurophysiological mechanisms likely mediate its effects, at least in part, yet we know little about how the nervous system is affected by spinal manipulation. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether muscle spindles and Golgi tendon organs in(More)
This paper describes a method for applying controlled loads to a lumbar vertebra while recording in vivo from primary afferents innervating the lumbar paraspinal tissues. Unlike the appendicular skeleton, the vertebral column poses a unique challenge for neurophysiological investigations. Distances between paraspinal tissues and the spinal cord are short.(More)
In the present study, we investigated the contributions of forebrain, brain stem, and spinal neural circuits to heating-induced sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) responses in chloralose-anesthetized rats. Frequency characteristics of renal and splenic SND bursts and the level of activity in these nerves were determined in midbrain-transected (superior(More)
STUDY DESIGN Electrophysiologic recordings were obtained from a lumbar paraspinal nerve or muscle in the anesthetized cat while electrically stimulating a paraspinal nerve or facet capsule in an adjacent lumbar segment. A variety of approaches were used to demonstrate the reflex nature of both the nerve and the muscle response. OBJECTIVE The primary(More)