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Probe-tube microphone measures of ear-canal sound-pressure levels were obtained for 31 children under 5 years of age. These data were compared to similar measures from a group of 21 adults. The intrasubject variability was smallest for the frequency range from 750 to 3000 Hz and at no frequency did the mean standard deviation exceed 3 dB. Real ear to(More)
In the past, frequency modulated (FM) systems were recommended for use only in educational settings for children with severe or profound hearing losses. Recent studies, however, have suggested that FM systems may be appropriate in nonacademic settings and also may benefit children with minimal hearing loss. In addition to the more widespread application of(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of reference microphone location on probe tube microphone measures of hearing aid response. The reference microphone of a clinical probe tube microphone system was located either at a position on the cheek (position A) or in close proximity to the microphone of an ear level hearing aid (position B).(More)
BACKGROUND The consequences of pediatric asthma include missed school attendance, limitations in physical activity, and increased health care utilization and costs. Caregivers of asthmatic children are affected through missed work days and decreased job productivity. In response to these issues, a disease management program encompassing asthmatic children(More)
The following recommendations for counseling patients about vasectomy may help to minimize the risk of litigation for family physicians who provide vasectomy services: (1) conduct a personal consultation with the patient; (2) discuss the impact of vasectomy on sexual function; (3) explain the procedure using diagrams during the office visit for the physical(More)
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