Joel E Frader

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A s part of a larger project, a multidisciplinary group convened by The Hastings Center, Garrison, NY, met to consider medical, psychosocial, and ethical issues associated with the care of children born with atypical genitalia or later found to have other conditions now commonly grouped together as “intersex.” These children may have congenital adrenal(More)
BACKGROUND The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians become knowledgeable in and comfortable with providing palliative care. OBJECTIVE The study goals included: determining the extent of training, knowledge, experience, comfort and competence in palliative care communication and symptom management of pediatric residents and fellows;(More)
We explain here why the standard division of many intersex types into true hermaphroditism, male pseudohermaphroditism, and female pseudohermaphroditism is scientifically specious and clinically problematic. First we provide the history of this tripartite taxonomy and note how the taxonomy predates and largely ignores the modern sciences of genetics and(More)
Informed consent constitutes one of the important considerations included in the myriad ethical dilemmas in the pediatric intensive care unit. Traditionally, the law has viewed children as incompetent to make medical decisions, and society has authorized parents or guardians to act on behalf of children. Empirical evidence has revealed that children may be(More)
Current U.S. legislation restricts reimbursement for organ transplantation for nondocumented residents, which makes it difficult for many immigrants, including children, to access the transplants they need. In this article, we offer moral, economic, and legal reasons that nondocumented immigrants deserve the same access to kidney transplantation as do legal(More)
Previous papers on ethics consultation in medicine have taken a positivistic approach and lack critical scrutiny of the psychosocial, political, and moral contexts in which consultations occur. This paper discusses some of the contextual factors that require more careful research. We need to know more about what prompts and inhibits consultation, especially(More)