Joel D. Swartz

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Malignant external otitis is an aggressive infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa that most often occurs in elderly diabetics. Malignant external otitis often spreads inferiorly from the external canal to involve the subtemporal area and progresses medially towards the petrous apex leading to multiple cranial nerve palsies. The computed tomographic (CT)(More)
Our experience with high-resolution computed tomography has indicated that the accepted norms for appearance and size of the pituitary gland may not be entirely valid for women of childbearing age. Fifty women with normal menstrual histories and who were not taking oral contraceptives were studied. The study consisted of overlapping 1.5-mm sections through(More)
Menkes kinky-hair disease (trichopoliodystrophy, steelyhair disease) is an X-linked neurodegenerative disorder that occurs predominantly in males. It was first described by Menkes in 1962 [1]. The characteristic clinical features are steely hair, profound retardation, spastic quadriparesis, seizures, and hypothermia. The disease is caused by an underlying(More)
Ninety patients who had suspected or confirmed fenestral or cochlear otosclerosis underwent CT examination. Foci of demineralization in the otic capsule were discovered in 20 ears (12 patients). Audiometric studies of the 12 patients revealed sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) with distinct correlation of CT findings with progressivity and with involvement(More)
The imaging evaluation of hearing loss is usually focused on inflammatory entities, especially chronic otitis/ cholesteatoma and cerebellopontine angles lesions, particularly acoustic tumors. This discussion concerns several developmental and acquired entities. The developmental entities referred to as the otodystrophies include otosclerosis, Paget's(More)
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) can be classified audiometrically into two varieties: sensory (cochlear) and neural (retrocochlear). Individuals with sensory SNHL have damage to the "end organ" (the cochlea) at a macroscopic or microscopic level. When present, imaging manifestations may involve the bony labyrinth or membranous labyrinth. Abnormalities of(More)
Schwannoma of the eighth cranial nerve (acoustic neuroma) is, by far, the most common cerebellopontine angle lesion. There is, however, a wide variety of differential diagnostic possibilities that must be considered when viewing images of patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), vertigo, and dizziness. This communication is intended to provide the(More)
Of more than 200 patients who underwent high-resolution computed tomography (CT) of the middle ear, the vast majority had tubotympanic disease in one of its forms: middle ear effusion, tympanosclerosis, granulation tissue, tympanic membrane retractions, or acquired cholesteatoma. The CT appearance of each of these conditions is discussed and illustrated.(More)