Joel D. Morrisett

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Atherosclerosis in animals and humans is associated with an unresponsiveness of arteries and arterioles to endothelium-dependent vasodilators--agents acting on smooth muscle indirectly by stimulating the release from endothelial cells of a vasodilator principle (endothelium-derived relaxing factor). Altered vasomotor regulation in atherosclerosis could(More)
BACKGROUND On the basis of studies with limited statistical power, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is not considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in blacks. We evaluated associations between Lp(a) and incident CVD events in blacks and whites in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma Lp(a) was measured in(More)
When lipoprotein [a] was isolated in the presence of the proteolytic inhibitor Trasylol, its apoprotein exhibited one dominant band corresponding to a molecular weight of about 1.2 million when analyzed by electrophoresis on 3.25% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. After chemical reduction, this band was missing but was replaced by two bands, one(More)
The distributions of plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apoproteins of 14,524 female and male black and white participants 45 to 64 years old in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study are presented. All specimens were analyzed at a central laboratory. Mean total cholesterol levels increased with increasing age across all ages from 204 to 229(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Atherosclerosis is a principal cause of stroke and myocardial infarction. The carotid arteries provide a site at which progression of atherosclerosis can be monitored reproducibly and noninvasively. This study was conducted to determine the similarity of atherosclerotic plaques in the left and right carotid arteries. This question was(More)
Apolipoprotein-serine (apoLP-Ser) is one of the protein constituents of human plasma very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). The protein has 57 amino acids with 1 residue each of methionine and tryptophan. Cleavage of apoLP-Ser with cyanogen bromide yields the NHp-terminal fragment (CNBr I) and COOH-terminal fragment (CNBr II) having 38 and 19 residues,(More)
Caveolin-1 is an integral protein of caveolae, known to play important roles in signal transduction and lipid transport. We demonstrate that caveolin-1 expression is significantly increased in primary and metastatic human prostate cancer after androgen ablation therapy. We also show that caveolin-1 is secreted by androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells,(More)
Specific MRI techniques have been used to determine the dimensional and compositional properties of atherosclerotic lesions in carotid endarterectomy tissues. A quantitative comparison of areas of specific features in typical tissue segments was performed using MR images and histologic images. The mean difference for the measurements by the two methods was(More)
Conventional risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) do not completely account for the observed increase in premature CHD in people from the Indian subcontinent or for Asian Indians who have immigrated to the USA. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of immigration to the USA on plasma levels of lipoprotein [a] (Lp[a]) and other(More)