Joel D Macdonald

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The gyral morphology of the region of the primary auditory cortex (PAC) in the human brain is highly variable, and possible asymmetries between the hemispheres have been noted since the beginning of the century. We mapped the location and extent of PAC as identified from gross anatomical landmarks in magnetic resonance scans that had been transformed into(More)
The pars opercularis occupies the posterior part of the inferior frontal gyrus. Electrical stimulation or damage of this region interferes with language production. The present study investigated the morphology and morphometry of the pars opercularis in 108 normal adult human cerebral hemispheres by means of magnetic resonance imaging. The brain images were(More)
OBJECT Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) continues to be a major source of morbidity in patients despite significant clinical and basic science research. Efforts to prevent vasospasm by removing spasmogens from the subarachnoid space have produced mixed results. The authors hypothesize that lumbar cisternal drainage can remove blood(More)
Surgical removal remains one of the key treatment modalities for vestibular schwannomas. A team approach between a neurotologist and a neurosurgeon offers the patient the expertise of both specialties and maximizes the chances for an optimal outcome. Vestibular schwannomas can typically be resected through 1 of 3 main surgical approaches: the(More)
OBJECT This study was conducted to investigate the familial and genetic contribution to intracranial, abdominal aortic, and all other types of aneurysms, and to define familial relationships among patients who present with the different aneurysm types. METHODS The authors used a unique Utah resource to perform population-based analysis of the familial(More)
A significant linkage of intracranial aneurysm (IA) has recently been reported to chromosomal region 7q11 (MLS=3.22) in a genomic search of 85 Japanese nuclear families with at least two affected siblings (104 sib pairs). This region contains the elastin gene (ELN, OMIM 130160), which is a functional candidate gene for IA. We have replicated this finding(More)
It is important to realize that guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. Infectious Diseases Society of America considers adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and anatomically analyze the amount of exposure provided by an anterior subtemporal, medial transpetrosal approach to access the upper third of the basilar artery, ventral mesencephalon, pons, and posterior cavernous sinus. PATIENTS AND METHODS The outcomes of six patients who underwent surgical treatment via the anterior(More)