Joel Bockaert

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Do endocannabinoids (eCBs) participate in long-term synaptic plasticity in the brain? Using pharmacological approaches and genetically altered mice, we show that stimulation of prelimbic cortex afferents at naturally occurring frequencies causes a long-term depression of nucleus accumbens glutamatergic synapses mediated by eCB release and presynaptic CB1(More)
The two forms of pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-27 and -38) are neuropeptides of the secretin/glucagon/vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/growth-hormone-releasing hormone family and regulate hormone release from the pituitary and adrenal gland. They may also be involved in spermatogenesis, and PACAP-38 potently stimulates(More)
Neuronal injury resulting from acute brain insults and some neurodegenerative diseases implicates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors. The fact that antioxidants reduce some types of brain damage suggests that oxygen radicals may have a role. It has been shown that mutations in Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), an enzyme catalysing superoxide(More)
Among membrane-bound receptors, the G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are certainly the most diverse. They have been very successful during evolution, being capable of transducing messages as different as photons, organic odorants, nucleotides, nucleosides, peptides, lipids and proteins. Indirect studies, as well as two-dimensional crystallization of(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors were discovered in the mid 1980s and originally described as glutamate receptors coupled to polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis. Almost 6500 articles have been published since then, and subtype-selective mGlu receptor ligands are now under clinical development for the treatment of a variety of disorders such as Fragile-X(More)
In skeletal muscle, L-type Ca2+ channels act as voltage sensors to control ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. It has recently been demonstrated that these ryanodine receptors generate a retrograde signal that modifies L-type Ca2+ -channel activity. Here we demonstrate a tight functional coupling between ryanodine receptors and(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) can increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration via Ins(1,4,5)P3- and ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in neurons. Both types of store are coupled functionally to Ca2+-permeable channels found in the plasma membrane. The mGluR-mediated increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration can activate Ca2+-sensitive K+ channels(More)
Despite the role of excitatory transmission to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in the actions of most drugs of abuse, the presence and functions of cannabinoid receptors (CB1) on the glutamatergic cortical afferents to the NAc have never been explored. Here, immunohistochemistry has been used to show the localization of CB1 receptors on axonal terminals making(More)
If cytokines are constitutively expressed by and act on neurons in normal adult brain, then we may have to modify our current view that they are predominantly inflammatory mediators. We critically reviewed the literature to determine whether we could find experimental basis for such a modification. We focused on two "proinflammatory" cytokines, interleukin(More)
The physiological actions of neurotransmitter receptors are intimately linked to their proper neuronal compartment localization. Here we studied the effect of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)-interacting proteins, Homer1a, b, and c, in the targeting of mGluR5 in neurons. We found that mGluR5 was exclusively localized in cell bodies when(More)