Joel A. Smith

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Familial medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and its precursor, C cell hyperplasia (CCH), is associated with germline RET mutations causing multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2. However, some rare families with apparent MTC/CCH predisposition do not have a detectable RET mutation. To identify novel MTC/CCH predisposition genes we undertook exome resequencing(More)
An 85-year-old lady presented with a large midline neck mass. After 8 years of steady growth, the previously asymptomatic mass began to cause stridor and dysphagia. The patient's comorbidities included a previous partial glossectomy for haemangioma of the tongue, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive cardiac failure and obesity (body mass index(More)
Graves’ orbitopathy (GO) is the main extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves’ disease. When fully expressed, it is characterized by inflammatory soft tissue changes, exophthalmos, ocular dysmotility causing diplopia, and, rarely, sight-threatening dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). The prevalence of GO among Graves’ patients seems lately declining, probably(More)
The seventh edition tumor, node metastasis (TNM) classifies tumors <10 mm as T1a and tumors between 10 mm and 20 mm as T1b. Previous editions of the TNM staging system did not differentiate these lesions. We compare new classification in terms of presentation and outcome. Early thyroid cancers that were previously staged under the TNM sixth edition were(More)
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