The antihyperalgesic properties of the opiate antidiarrheal agent loperamide (ADL 2-1294) were investigated in a variety of inflammatory pain models in rodents. Loperamide exhibited potent affinity and selectivity for the cloned micro (Ki = 3 nM) compared with the delta (Ki = 48 nM) and kappa (Ki = 1156 nM) human opioid receptors. Loperamide potently… (More)
Endomorphins were recently identified as endogenous ligands with high selectivity for mu opioid receptors. We have characterized the ability of endomorphins to bind to and functionally activate the cloned human mu opioid receptor. Both endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 exhibited binding selectivity for the mu opioid receptor over the delta and kappa opioid… (More)
Arylacetamide analgesics that stimulate kappa opioid receptors in the central nervous system mediate dysphoria and psychosis as well as analgesia. However, the naturally occurring peptide agonist, dynorphin A, is analgesic in the absence of dysphoria and psychosis, indicating that the therapeutic effects of kappa opioid agonists may be separated from their… (More)
A series of imidazopyrimidine derivatives with the general formula I was synthesized and identified as potent inhibitors of iNOS dimer formation, a prerequisite for proper functioning of the enzyme. Stille and Negishi coupling reactions were used as key steps to form the carbon-carbon bond connecting the imidazopyrimidine core to the central cycloalkenyl,… (More)
A series of 2-substituted sulfamoyl arylacetamides of general structure 2 were prepared as potent kappa opioid receptor agonists and the affinities of these compounds for opioid and chimeric receptors were compared with those of dynorphin A. Compounds 2e and 2i were identified as non-peptide small molecules that bound to chimeras 3 and 4 with high… (More)
Sulfamoyl benzamides were identified as a novel series of cannabinoid receptor ligands. Starting from a screening hit 8 that had modest affinity for the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor, a parallel synthesis approach and initial SAR are described, leading to compound 27 with 120-fold functional selectivity for the CB(2) receptor. This compound produced robust… (More)
A series of N-substituted trans-3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidines, mu opioid receptor antagonists, analogs of alvimopan, were prepared using solid phase methodology. This study led to the identification of a highly selective mu opioid receptor antagonist, which interacts selectively with mu peripheral receptors.