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Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common, dose-limiting side effect of many chemotherapeutic agents. Although many therapies have been investigated for the prevention and/or treatment of CIPN, there is no well-accepted proven therapy. In addition, there is no universally accepted, well-validated measure for the assessment of CIPN. The(More)
A vaccinia virus-encoded double-stranded RNA-binding protein, p25, has been previously implicated in inhibition of the interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase. In this study, we have identified the vaccinia viral gene (WR strain) that encodes p25. Amino acid sequence analysis of a chymotryptic fragment of p25 revealed a close match(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor CAR (NR1I3) has been characterized as a central component in the coordinate response to xenobiotic and endobiotic stress. In this study, we demonstrate that CAR plays a pivotal function in energy homeostasis and establish an unanticipated metabolic role for this nuclear receptor. Wild-type mice treated with the synthetic CAR(More)
The work described in this article identifies a vaccinia virus-encoded protein that may be involved in inhibition of the interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase. Extracts prepared from vaccinia virus (WR strain)-infected cells contain an inhibitor of this kinase. Inhibition was reduced in extracts from which dsRNA-binding proteins(More)
In 1994, an outbreak of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, genotype 1a, occurred in 30 hypogammaglobulinaemic patients in the UK from one batch of contaminated anti-HCV screened intravenous immunoglobulin. This study aimed to study prospectively the outcome of HCV in hypogammaglobulinaemic patients, and to assess the response to early treatment with(More)
Measuring brain tissue oxygenation is now possible due to major advances in the technical development of Clark-electrodes and fiberoptic systems. However, to make this technique clinically useful for both nurses and medical staff, the ischemic threshold for brain tissue oxygen tension (brain pO2) must be determined. Three end points were used for(More)
Presently available tumor markers have had a limited clinical impact. Riboflavin carrier protein (RCP) is an estrogen inducible protein that occupies a key position in riboflavin metabolism. Because other vitamin carrier proteins (VCP) have been shown to be overexpressed in patients with malignant disease, we evaluated serum RCP levels in patients with(More)
We hypothesized that non-proliferating (quiescent) human vascular endothelial cells would not express somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst 2) and that this receptor would be expressed when the endothelial cells begin to grow. To test this hypothesis, placental veins were harvested from 6 human placentas and 2 mm vein disks were cultured in 0.3% fibrin gels.(More)