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Potential receptors for Drosophila neuropeptide F (DmNPF) were identified in the genome database. One receptor (DmNPFR1) sequence resembled the Lymnaea NPY receptor, an invertebrate homolog of the vertebrate Y-receptor family. DmNPFR1 was cloned and tested for functionality in stably transfected mammalian CHO cells. In whole cell binding assays, DmNPF(More)
Among insects, short neuropeptide Fs (sNPF) have been implicated in regulation of reproduction and feeding behavior. For Drosophila melanogaster, the nucleotide sequence for the sNPF precursor protein encodes four distinctive candidate sNPFs. In the present study, all four peptides were identified by mass spectrometry in body extracts of D. melanogaster;(More)
A neuropeptide F (NPF) was isolated from the fruit fly, Drosophila mellanogaster, based on a radioimmunoassay for a gut peptide from the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea. A partial sequence was obtained from the fly peptide, and a genomic sequence coding for NPF was cloned after inverse polymerase chain reaction and shown to exist as a single genomic copy. The(More)
The genome of Anopheles gambiae contains sequences encoding a neuropeptide F (Ang-NPF) and NPF receptor (Ang-NPFR) related to the neuropeptide Y signaling family. cDNAs for each were cloned and sequenced. Ang-NPFR was stably expressed for radioligand binding analysis. Ang-NPF exhibited high affinity (IC50 approximately 3 nM) membrane binding; NPFs from(More)
The African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, is specialized for rapid completion of development and reproduction. A vertebrate blood meal is required for egg production, and multiple feedings subsequently allow transmission of malaria parasites, Plasmodium spp. Regulatory peptides from 35 genes annotated from the A. gambiae genome likely coordinate(More)
The nervous system and gut of worker, soldier and alate castes of the eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) were examined for immunoreactivity to an antiserum to Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Leipidoptera: Noctuidae) MP-I (QAARPRF-NH(2)), a truncated form of neuropeptide F. More than 145 immunostained axons and(More)
A neuropeptide F (NPF) was isolated from an extract of adult Aedes aegypti mosquitoes based on its immunoreactivity in a radioimmunoassay for Drosophila NPF. After sequencing the peptide, cDNAs encoding the NPF were identified from head and midgut. These cDNAs encode a prepropeptide containing a 36 amino acid peptide with an amidated carboxyl terminus, and(More)
A short neuropeptide F (sNPF) precursor and a sNPF receptor (sNPFR) were characterized for the mosquito, Anopheles gambiae. The sNPFR was expressed in CHO-K1 cells, and it exhibited high affinity binding, IC(50) approximately 3-5 nM, for specific sNPFs. sNPF1 potently inhibited forskolin-stimulated cAMP production by transfected cells, suggesting sNPFR acts(More)
Proctolin is a bioactive neuropeptide that modulates interneuronal and neuromuscular synaptic transmission in a wide variety of arthropods. We present several lines of evidence to propose that the orphan G protein-coupled receptor CG6986 of Drosophila is a proctolin receptor. When expressed in mammalian cells, CG6986 confers second messenger activation(More)