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BACKGROUND The integral outer membrane protein X (OmpX) from Escherichia coli belongs to a family of highly conserved bacterial proteins that promote bacterial adhesion to and entry into mammalian cells. Moreover, these proteins have a role in the resistance against attack by the human complement system. Here we present the first crystal structure of a(More)
Kinetic and crystallographic analyses of wild-type Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (TK(HSV1)) and its Y101F-mutant [TK(HSV1)(Y101F)] acting on the potent antiviral drug 2'-exo-methanocarba-thymidine (MCT) have been performed. The kinetic study reveals a 12-fold K(M) increase for thymidine processed with Y101F as compared to the wild-type(More)
The bacterial outer membrane proteins OmpA and OmpX were modified in such a manner that they yielded bulky crystals diffracting X-rays isotropically beyond 2 A resolution and permitting detailed structural analyses. The procedure involved semi-directed mutagenesis, mass production into inclusion bodies, and (re)naturation therefrom; it should be applicable(More)
The crystal structures of the full-length Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase in its unligated form and in a complex with an adenine analogue have been determined at 1.9 A resolution. The unligated enzyme contains four water molecules in the thymidine pocket and reveals a small induced fit on substrate binding. The structure of the ligated enzyme(More)
The structure of Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (TK(HSV1)) is known at high resolution in complex with a series of ligands and exhibits important structural similarities to the nucleoside monophosphate (NMP) kinase family, which are known to show large conformational changes upon binding of substrates. The effect of substrate binding on the(More)
[1] The probabilities of the occurrence of extreme dry/wet years and seasons in Europe are estimated by using two ways of the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and SPI-GEV) and the Standardized Nonstationary Precipitation Index (SnsPI). The latter is defined as the SPI by fitting precipitation data with a nonstationary Gamma distribution in order to(More)
Mineral and fluoride concentration changes in the outermost layers of bovine enamel (depth less than 1 micron) were measured after demineralization in unbuffered hydroxyethylcellulose gels of pH = 5.4 with an intrinsic fluoride concentration of about 0.02 ppm. A combination of two nuclear analytical techniques, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS)(More)
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