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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been applied to the study of the microscopic deformation of biological tissue under compressive stress. We describe the hardware and theory of operation of an OCT elastography system that measures internal displacements as small as a few micrometers by using 2D cross-correlation speckle tracking. Results obtained from(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) endomicroscopy imaging of the human gastrointestinal tract is demonstrated in vivo using a swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. 3D datasets of normal and pathologic regions of the colon, rectum, and anal verge were obtained from seven volunteers undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic colonoscopy. 3D-OCT enables high(More)
Older adults (> or =65 years of age) are particularly vulnerable to influenza illness. This is due to a waning immune system that reduces their ability to respond to infection, which leads to more severe cases of disease. The majority ( approximately 90%) of influenza-related deaths occur in older adults and, in addition, catastrophic disability resulting(More)
The Large Area Telescope (LAT), the main instrument of the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope, detects high energy gamma rays with energies from 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. The two main scientific objectives, the study of the Milky Way diffuse background and the detection of point sources, are complicated by the lack of photons. That is why we need a powerful(More)
We verify the imaging performance of hypertelescopes on the sky, using a new scheme for pupil densification. To avoid seeing limitations, we used a miniature version with a 10 cm aperture containing 78 sub-apertures of 1 mm size, arrayed periodically as a square grid. The pupil densification is achieved with a pair of micro-lens arrays, where each pair of(More)
Miniature optical sensors that can detect blood vessels in front of advancing instruments will significantly benefit many interventional procedures. Towards this end, we developed a thin and flexible coherence-gated Doppler (CGD) fiber probe (O.D. = 0.125 mm) that can be integrated with minimally-invasive tools to provide real-time audio feedback of blood(More)
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