Joe P. Windham

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PURPOSE To determine the transverse relaxation rates R2 and R2' from several gray matter regions and from frontal cortical white matter in healthy human brains in vivo and to determine the relationship between relaxation rates and iron concentration [Fe]. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six healthy adults aged 19-42 years underwent thin-section gradient-echo(More)
This paper presents development and application of a feature extraction method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), without explicit calculation of tissue parameters. A three-dimensional (3-D) feature space representation of the data is generated in which normal tissues are clustered around prespecified target positions and abnormalities are clustered(More)
This study presents histological validation of an objective (unsupervised) computer segmentation algorithm, the iterative self-organizing data analysis technique (ISODATA), for analysis of multiparameter magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data in experimental focal cerebral ischemia. T2-, T1-, and diffusion (DWI) weighted coronal images were acquired from 4(More)
We present a method for coregistration and warping of magnetic resonance images (MRI) to histological sections for comparison purposes. This methodology consists of a modified head and hat surface-based registration algorithm followed by a new automated warping approach using nonlinear thin plate splines to compensate for distortions between the data sets.(More)
In this paper we present a new 3D discrete dynamic surface model. The model consists of vertices and edges, which connect adjacent vertices. Basic geometry of the model surface is generated by triangle patches. The model deforms by internal and external forces. Internal forces are obtained from local geometry of the model and are related to the local(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to identify MRI measures that have high probability in a short acquisition time to predict, at early time points after onset of ischemia, the eventual development of cerebral infarction in clinical patients who suffer occlusion of a cerebral artery. METHODS We developed an MR tissue signature model based on experimentally(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Using newly developed computerized image analysis, we studied the heterogeneity of apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADCw) values in human ischemic stroke within 10 hours of onset. METHODS Echo-planar trace diffusion-weighted images from 9 patients with focal cortical ischemic stroke were obtained within 10 hours of symptom(More)
The application of a discrete dynamic contour model for segmentation of the hippocampus from brain MRI has been investigated. Solutions to several common problems of dynamic contours in this case and similar cases have been developed. A new method for extracting the discontinuous boundary of a structure with multiple edges near the structure has been(More)
An accurate noninvasive time-independent identification of an ischemic cerebral lesion is an important objective of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study describes a novel application of a multiparameter MRI analysis algorithm, the Eigenimage (EI) filter, to experimental stroke. The EI is a linear filter that maximizes the projection of a desired(More)
The determination of volumes in clinical MRI studies are prohibitive because of the time required to compute an accurate volume. Techniques that speed up the calculation are prone to large errors which make most impractical for an accurate diagnosis. A linear filter, called the eigenimage filter, has been developed that separates a desired feature from(More)