Joe P.S. Makkerh

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K252a is best known as a Trk inhibitor, but is also a neuroprotective compound. CEP1347, a K252a derivative, retains neuroprotective properties, but does not inhibit TrkA. CEP1347 has recently been shown to directly inhibit MAPKKKs, including MLK3, but the effect of K252a on MAPKKKs remains unknown. K252a and CEP1347 not only prevent death, but also(More)
Nuclear proteins contain information within their primary structures which causes them to accumulate selectively in the nucleus [1,2] by associating with the cytosolic receptor importin [3]. The alpha subunit of importin binds the nuclear localization signal (NLS), and the beta subunit docks at the nuclear pore complex. The NLS of the simian virus 40 large(More)
Target-derived neurotrophins regulate neuronal survival and growth by interacting with cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptors. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 NTR) is coexpressed with Trk receptors in long-range projection neurons, in which it facilitates neurotrophin binding to Trk and enhances Trk activity. Here, we show that TrkA and TrkB receptors(More)
The homophilic binding of extracellular domains of membrane-bound immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) molecules is often required for intercellular adhesion and signaling. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a member of the IgSF, is a widely used tumor marker that functions in vitro as a homotypic intercellular adhesion molecule. CEA has also been shown to(More)
Degradation of the cartilage proteoglycan, aggrecan, is an essential aspect of normal growth and development, and of joint pathology. The roles of different proteolytic enzymes in this process can be determined from the sites of cleavage in the aggrecan core protein, which generates novel termini (neoepitopes). Antibodies specific for the different(More)
Roles of the nuclear envelope are considered in the regulation of nuclear protein import, ribonucleoprotein export, and coupling of DNA replication to the cell cycle. First, evidence is discussed that indicates that neutral and acidic amino acids can be important in nuclear localization signals as well as the widely acknowledged basic amino acids. Second,(More)
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