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Conventional intracellular recordings were obtained from layer II-III neurons in adult rat neocortical brain slices. Excitatory and inhibitory (I) postsynaptic potentials (PSPs) were evoked prior to and during bath application of agonists and antagonists of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). In the presence of the selective mGluR agonist(More)
1. Intracellular and extracellular recordings were obtained from neocortical brain slices of immature rats (postnatal days 9-16) maintained in vitro. Spontaneous and evoked epileptiform discharges (termed paroxysmal depolarizing shifts or PDSs) were recorded from upper cortical laminae (layers II-III) after exposure to the gamma-aminobuturic acid-A receptor(More)
The nature and identity of the catecholamines in the paracervical ganglion and superior cervical ganglion small, intensely fluorescent (SIF) cells were investigated using fluorescence histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. The paracervical ganglion SIF cells were found to contain norepinephrine and the superior cervical ganglion SIF cells,(More)
Intracellular and extracellular recordings were obtained from layers II-III of slices of adult rat neocortex maintained in vitro. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) and epileptiform discharges (paroxysmal depolarizing shifts, PDSs) were evoked in the presence of bicuculline methiodide. Responses were monitored before, during, and after bath(More)
—The statistical gain differences between two common spatial combining algorithms: optimum combining (OC) and maximal ratio combining (MRC) are analyzed using a gain ratio method. Using the receive carrier-to-interference plus noise ratio (CINR), the gain ratio CINR OC CINR MRC is evaluated in a flat Rayeligh fading communications system with multiple(More)
A single-subject experimental design was used to evaluate the effects of center of gravity biofeedback on retraining balance control in a 72-yr.-old male hemiparetic patient. For both assessment and training the subject stood on dual force-plates enclosed on three sides by a visual surround. A 4-wk. training period consisted of subject-initiated shifts in(More)
Intracellular recordings were obtained from neocortical brain slices of adult rats maintained in vitro. The effect of metabotropic glutamate receptor activation on spike frequency adaptation in regular spiking layer II and III neurons was determined. Putative metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists and antagonists, as well as inhibitors of intracellular(More)