Joe Macmahon

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To assess the incidence of lung aspiration in acute stroke, and attempt to identify factors which render such patients at risk of aspiration, consecutive patients admitted to hospital within 24 h of their first symptomatic stroke were studied prospectively. Sixty patients who were conscious, and who did not have any preceding neurological or other cause of(More)
The gag reflex is often used in the assessment of swallowing, yet its absence does not predict aspiration in acute stroke. Disordered pharyngeal sensation has been found to be a sensitive predictor. The occurrence of gag reflex and pharyngeal sensation in healthy people is unknown. We studied these tests in 140 healthy subjects (half elderly and half(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma, post-nasal drip syndrome (PNDS), and gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) account for many cases of chronic non-productive cough (CNPC). Each may simultaneously contribute to cough even when clinically silent, and failure to recognise their contribution may lead to unsuccessful treatment. METHODS Patients (all lifetime non-smokers with(More)
We have investigated the value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the pre-operative assessment to patients for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Thirty-six patients were entered into the study. All had a pre-operative clinical assessment and investigations including chest radiograph, electrocardiograph, spirometry and echocardiogram with measurement of(More)
Sixty consecutive patients admitted to a teaching hospital with acute stroke were studied prospectively for 3 months to define the natural history and consequences of lung aspiration. Using videofluoroscopy, aspiration was identified in 25 patients (42%) within 72 h of stroke onset, and had resolved in all but three patients (8%) after 3 months. It was(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental, cultural and health care differences may account for variation among countries in the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in teenagers. OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and the level of diagnosis, and to compare determinants of asthma and severe wheeze in two countries. METHODS(More)
AIM To systematically review the short-term efficacy of ambulatory oxygen from single-assessment studies in COPD. METHODS Searches for relevant randomized controlled trials using predefined search terms were conducted on the Cochrane Airways Group Specialized Register of RCTs, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other electronically(More)
The prescription of home oxygen cylinders is substantial. This study aimed to establish patient's current use of short burst oxygen therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to examine potential cost savings if cylinder use had been replaced by a concentrator. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed by 100 patients(More)
Chronic cough is a common and disabling symptom. Recent guidelines have attempted to provide direction in the clinical management of cough in both primary and secondary care. They have also provided a critical review of the available literature and identified gaps in current knowledge. Despite this they have been criticized for a reliance on a low quality(More)
Background: There are little data available on the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the United Kingdom. The Northern Ireland Cost and Epidemiology of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (NICECOPD) study is a two-stage survey to examine the prevalence of obstructive lung disease in a general population sample in the Greater(More)