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We evaluated the effectiveness of a comprehensive program for the use of autologous blood in reduction of the need for transfusion of homologous blood in total hip replacement in a prospective study of a consecutive series of patients. Transfusion of homologous blood was minimized through transfusion of preoperatively deposited autologous blood,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the number of children with severe brain injury due to closed head injury or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy as a proportion of all admissions of children <3 yrs of age in the regional pediatric intensive care unit; to determine the outcome of these children at >6 mos postinjury; and to explore the relationship of outcome measures to(More)
The effect of vasopressin on memory of a brightness discrimination reward task was investigated in 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two measures of retention were used: resistance to extinction and savings scores on a reacquisition task given 45 days after the completion of extinction training. The effect of the peptide on both memory consolidation and(More)
A prospective, randomized study of the effectiveness of intraoperative and postoperative use of intermittent pneumatic compression, alone or in combination with oral administration of either aspirin or low-dose warfarin, was done of a consecutive series of patients who had a total hip replacement and were more than thirty-nine years old. All patients began(More)
A prospective study of the accuracy of real-time B-mode ultrasonography in detecting deep venous thrombosis in the femoral and popliteal veins of the lower extremity was conducted on a consecutive series of patients who had had a total hip replacement. Ascending venography was used as a diagnostic standard. One hundred and forty-three patients had(More)
Systemic blood pressure (measured with a zero-randomized sphygmomanometer), stroke volume and heart-rate (measured with a Minnesota Impedance Cardiograph), hematocrit, and their derivatives -- cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance--have been assessed in three groups of subjects. First, a control group of 19 nonpregnant women were matched for age(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of massage on recovery from high intensity exercise is debatable. Many studies on massage suffer from methodological flaws such as poor standardisation of previous exercise, lack of dietary control, and inappropriate massage duration. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of leg massage compared with passive recovery on lactate clearance,(More)
BACKGROUND The equivocal findings in the literature on efficacy of massage makes it difficult to assess the requirement for, or justify the use of, specialist massage personnel at major athletics events. However, the use of massage by athletes during training and competition remains popular. OBJECTIVES To quantify the amount of their time that(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine whether breech-presenting infants have a different pattern of early neuromotor development than cephalic-presenting infants--regardless of mode of delivery-thus explaining both the failure to assume cephalic version at the end of gestation and the higher rates of childhood motor impairments associated with(More)