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Two common Fourier imaging algorithms used in ground penetrating radar (GPR), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and frequency-wavenumber (F-K) migration, are reviewed and compared from a theoretical perspective. The two algorithms, while arising from seemingly different physical models: a point-scatterer model for SAR and the exploding source model for F-K(More)
We present a pilot study using a microwave tomography system in which we image the forearms of 5 adult male and female volunteers between the ages of 30 and 48. Microwave scattering data were collected at 0.8 to 1.2 GHz with 24 transmitting and receiving antennas located in a matching fluid of deionized water and table salt. Inversion of the microwave data(More)
PURPOSE The authors investigate the impact that incremental increases in the level of detail of patient-specific prior information have on image quality and the convergence behavior of an inversion algorithm in the context of near-field microwave breast imaging. A methodology is presented that uses image quality measures to characterize the ability of the(More)
In this paper, we describe a 2-D wideband microwave imaging system intended for biomedical imaging. The system is capable of collecting data from 3 to 6 GHz, with 24 coresident antenna elements connected to a vector network analyzer via a 2 x 24 port matrix switch. As one of the major sources of error in the data collection process is a result of the(More)
Although Krylov subspace methods provide fast regularization techniques for the microwave imaging problem, they cannot preserve the edges of the object being imaged and may result in an oscillatory reconstruction. To suppress these spurious oscillations and to provide an edge-preserving regularization, we use a multiplicative regularizer which improves the(More)
The multiplicatively regularized Gauss-Newton inversion (GNI) algorithm is enhanced and utilized to obtain complex permittivity profiles of biological objects-of-interest. The microwave scattering data is acquired using a microwave tomography system comprised of 24 co-resident antennas immersed into a saltwater matching fluid. Two types of biological(More)
A scattering model based on a Monte Carlo method and the finite-volume time-domain (FVTD) method has been created for sea ice scattering simulations. Statistical methods were used to generate a Gaussian-distributed randomly rough surface. The Polder–Van Santen–de Loor (PVD) model was used to estimate the sea ice dielectric values with inputs based upon(More)
A novel 3-D dual-polarized microwave imaging system based on the modulated scattering technique (MST) is presented. The system collects the magnitude and phase of the scattered field using 120 MST probes and 12 transmitter/collector antennas distributed around an object-of-interest in the near-field region. The 12 antennas form a middle circumferential(More)
Abstract—Microwave tomography (MWT) and a radar-based region estimation technique are combined to create a novel algorithm for biomedical imaging with a focus on breast cancer detection and monitoring. The region estimation approach is used to generate a patient-specific spatial map of the breast anatomy that includes skin, adipose and fibroglandular(More)