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OBJECTIVE Establishing traditional intravenous (IV) access in adult trauma and medical patients can be difficult. We evaluated provider performance for obtaining intraosseous access with two FDA-approved intraosseous devices (F.A.S.T.1 and EZ-IO) in two sequential field trials. METHODS One hundred twenty-four providers consented to participate in the(More)
A time-encoding machine (TEM) based new analog-to-digital converter (ADC) architecture is presented in this paper. The main advantage of this architecture is that it relies on asynchronous process and removes an important performance limiting factor in conventional ADCs: the clock jitter. Therefore, this architecture is suitable for very high speed ADCs. To(More)
We show that convergence of access networks together with new PON standards drive lower bandwidth costs, which in turn, due to elasticity of demand, results in increased broadband adoption. According to Metcalfs law that came into existence in the 1980's increase in network value will scale quadratically with the number of users, thus making convergence and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine emergency medical services providers' use of a new intraosseous needle designed for pediatric patients. METHODS This prospective pilot study was conducted between May 2006 and October 2007. After completing an initial training session, the EZ-IO PD was deployed for use on patients. Emergency medical services(More)
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