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Ten Holstein cows averaging 120 d in lactation were arranged in replicated 5 x 5 Latin squares with 3-wk periods to evaluate the role of sulfur (S) in the dietary cation-anion balance equation. Diets were based on corn silage in Exp. 1 and sorghum silage in Exp. 2. Supplemental S and chloride (Cl) from the double sulfate of potassium and magnesium and CaCl2(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a low dietary cation-anion balance (DCAB) in preventing milk fever and udder edema in dry cows consuming a high-Ca diet and to evaluate the effect of this diet on calves delivered by these cows. Seventy primiparous or multiparous cows and 50 pregnant heifers were offered alfalfa hay-based diets beginning 4(More)
The objective was to determine the effects of dietary inert fat on estimated energy balance, hormones in plasma, and reproduction during early lactation. From wk 0 to 12 postpartum, 14 pluriparous Holstein cows were fed individually a TMR, and blood samples were taken twice weekly for quantification of IGF-I, progesterone, and cholesterol. During wk 5 to(More)
Our objective was to develop a buffer value index that would incorporate alterations in both ruminal fluid pH and buffering capacity as indicators of the influence of dietary buffering and alkalinizing agents on ruminal acid-base status. This index was evaluated using ruminal fluid from four lactating Holstein cows fed either sorghum silage or alfalfa hay(More)
Our objective was to compare the influence of dietary NaHCO3 and a multielement buffer on ruminal acid-base status and lactation performance of dairy cows. Five ruminally fistulated, primiparous and multiparous lactating Holstein cows averaging 123 +/- 21 d postpartum were assigned randomly to treatments in a 5 x 5 Latin square with 3-wk experimental(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of dietary buffer value index on ruminal fluid pH, buffering capacity, and buffer value index in lactating cows. Three Holstein cows averaging 18 +/- 10 DIM were used in a 3 x 3 Latin square with 3-wk experimental periods. Diets contained grain:sorghum silage DM ratios of 50:50, 60:40, and 70:30. By(More)
Forty-eight multiparous Holstein cows were blocked according to month of parturition, age, and previous milk yield and arranged in a randomized complete block design to evaluate the effect of a naturally occurring sodium sesquicarbonate on DMI, milk yield, milk composition, milk value, and systemic acid-base status. Cows were assigned at parturition to(More)
We evaluated the influence of supplemental dietary NaHCO3 on K metabolism of young dairy calves. Thirty-two Holstein and Jersey male and female calves were blocked at 56 to 70 d after birth according to breed, sex, and age and assigned randomly to a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments for 8 wk: .4% K with 0% NaHCO3, .4% K with 2% NaHCO3, .6% K(More)
Four ruminally cannulated, lactating Holstein cows were assigned to a 4 X 4 Latin square to monitor the effects of NaHCO3 infusion on ruminal environment of cows receiving dietary sodium bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate (110 g) was mixed with 3.8 L of water and infused at a constant rate into the rumen from 0 to 2, 2 to 4, or 4 to 6 h postfeeding twice(More)