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Mammalian mitochondrial complex I is a multisubunit membrane-bound assembly with a molecular mass approaching 1 MDa. By comprehensive analyses of the bovine complex and its constituent subcomplexes, 45 different subunits have been characterized previously. The presence of a 46th subunit was suspected from the consistent detection of a molecular mass of(More)
S100P, an EF-hand calcium-binding protein, has been reported to be associated with the progression of many types of cancers. Transfection of an expression vector for S100P into a benign, nonmetastatic rat mammary cell line causes a 4- to 6-fold increase in its level in all four transformant cell clones. When the resultant transformant cell lines are(More)
The structure of the delta-endotoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis that is specifically toxic to Coleoptera insects (beetle toxin) has been determined at 2.5 A resolution. It comprises three domains which are, from the N- to C-termini, a seven-helix bundle, a three-sheet domain, and a beta sandwich. The core of the molecule encompassing all(More)
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) from bovine heart mitochondria is a complicated, multi-subunit, membrane-bound assembly. Recently, the subunit compositions of complex I and three of its subcomplexes have been reevaluated comprehensively. The subunits were fractionated by three independent methods, each based on a different property of the(More)
PURPOSE S100A4 and the estrogen-inducible osteopontin are alone capable of inducing angiogenesis and metastasis in rodent models for breast cancer. The present study assesses the relationship of S100A4 and osteopontin with vessel density and estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) in primary tumors and with survival of patients to ascertain their involvement in(More)
Release of neurotransmitter occurs when synaptic vesicles fuse with the plasma membrane. This neuronal exocytosis is triggered by calcium and requires three SNARE (soluble-N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) proteins: synaptobrevin (also known as VAMP) on the synaptic vesicle, and syntaxin and SNAP-25 on the plasma membrane.(More)
The Cry3A delta-endotoxin protein inclusion synthesized by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis is soluble in alkaline and acid buffer solutions but the toxin precipitates when returned to neutral pH conditions. The midgut pH of susceptible beetle larvae is neutral to slightly acidic, a pH environment in which the Cry3A toxin is insoluble. To(More)
Methods for the formation of supported lipid monolayers on top of a hydrophobic self assembled monolayer in a surface plasmon resonance instrument are described. Small unilamellar vesicles absorb spontaneously to the surface of the hydrophobic self-assembled monolayer to form a surface which resembles the surface of a cellular membrane. Lipophilic ligands,(More)
Calcium-dependent synaptic vesicle exocytosis requires three SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein receptor) proteins: synaptobrevin/vesicle-associated membrane protein in the vesicular membrane and syntaxin and SNAP-25 in the presynaptic membrane. The SNAREs form a thermodynamically stable complex that is believed to drive(More)
The Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac delta-endotoxin was shown to bind in a biphasic manner to Manduca sexta aminopeptidase N (APN) present in a novel model membrane. Surface plasmon resonance analysis allowed the quantification of toxin binding to M. sexta APN in a supported lipid monolayer. The initial binding was rapid and reversible, with an affinity(More)