Joe Carmine Polacco

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The soybean genome duplicated ∼14 and 45 million years ago and has many paralogous genes, including those in urease activation (emplacement of Ni and CO(2) in the active site). Activation requires the UreD and UreF proteins, each encoded by two paralogues. UreG, a third essential activation protein, is encoded by the single-copy Eu3, and eu3 mutants lack(More)
Warm season N2-fixing legumes move fixed N from the nodules to the aerial portions of the plant primarily in the form of ureides, allantoin and allantoate, oxidation products of purines synthesized de novo in the nodule. Ureides are also products of purine turnover in senescing tissues, such as seedling cotyledons. A combination of biochemical and molecular(More)
Phytic acid (PA) contains the major portion of the phosphorus in the soybean (Glycine max) seed and chelates divalent cations. During germination, both minerals and phosphate are released upon phytase-catalyzed degradation of PA. We generated a soybean line (CAPPA) in which an Escherichia coli periplasmic phytase, the product of the appA gene, was expressed(More)
The ability of two soybean (Glycine max L. [Merrill]) cultivars, 'Williams 82' and 'Maple Arrow', which were reported to use different ureide degradation pathways, to degrade the ureides allantoin and allantoate was investigated. Protein fractions and total leaf homogenates from the fourth trifoliate leaves of both cultivars were examined for the ability to(More)
The soybean eu3-a mutant (formerly, eu3-e1) lacks all ureolytic activity. Eu3 encodes urease accessory (Ni insertion) protein, UreG. Eu3 (Glycine max v1.1 Glyma08g08970.1) is the only UreG-encoding gene in the soybean genome. Here we show that the eu3-a lesion is a 2.4 kb deletion, beginning 50 bp upstream of the transcription start, and covering 94 % of(More)
Nickel (Ni) availability in soil varies as a function of pH. Plants require Ni in small quantities for normal development, especially in legumes due its role in nitrogen (N) metabolism. This study investigated the effect of soil base saturation, and Ni amendments on Ni uptake, N accumulation in the leaves and grains, as well as to evaluate organic acids(More)
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