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These photodetectors typically require an external bias as the driving force to prevent the recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. Over recent years, it has been realized that for functional nanosystems (where multiple nanoscale-devices are integrated) to be a possibility, these devices must be selfsuffi cient; that is, to function(More)
New hybrid materials consisting of ZnO nanorods sensitized with three different biomass-derived carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were synthesized, characterized, and used for the first time to build solid-state nanostructured solar cells. The performance of the devices was dependent on the functional groups found on the CQDs. The highest efficiency was obtained(More)
Repeatable magnetization reversal under purely electrical control remains the outstanding goal in magnetoelectrics. Here we use magnetic force microscopy to study a commercially manufactured multilayer capacitor that displays strain-mediated coupling between magnetostrictive Ni electrodes and piezoelectric BaTiO(3)-based dielectric layers. In an electrode(More)
This paper reports for the first time the use of perovskite bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3 or BFO) on ZnO-based solid state solar cells using only chemical solution methods for materials synthesis. As ZnO has poor chemical stability in acidic and corrosive environments, a buffer method using aminosilane ((3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane or H2N(CH2)3Si(OC2H5)3))(More)
Acoustic vibrations are shown to enhance the photovoltaic efficiency of a P3HT/ZnO nanorod solar cell by up to 45%, correlated to a three-fold increase in charge carrier lifetime. This is assigned to the generation of piezoelectric dipoles in the ZnO nanorods, indicating that the efficiency of solar cells may be enhanced in the presence of ambient(More)
We have used a ferroelectric BaTiO3 substrate with a hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanostructured surface to form a heterogeneous BaTiO3/α-Fe2O3 photocatalyst. In this study we show that varying the mass ratio of α-Fe2O3 on BaTiO3 has a significant influence on photoinduced decolorization of rhodamine B under simulated sunlight. The highest photocatalytic activity was(More)
CdTe nanoparticle-polymer composite films were deposited conformally using a layer-by-layer (LbL) process onto planar or ZnO nanorod-coated substrates. Films were annealed between 150-450 degrees C. Under air this led to oxidation of the nanoparticles while under vacuum their composition was retained. Annealing at 450 degrees C led to complete removal of(More)
Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an important material for polymer solar cells (PSCs) where the characteristics of the interface can dominate both the efficiency and lifetime of the device. In this work we study the effect of fluorine (SF6) plasma surface treatment of ZnO films on the performance of PSCs with an inverted structure. The interaction between fluorine(More)