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Understanding the origins and roles of cardiac progenitor cells is important for elucidating the pathogenesis of congenital and acquired heart diseases. Moreover, manipulation of cardiac myocyte progenitors has potential for cell-based repair strategies for various myocardial disorders. Here we report the identification in mouse of a previously unknown(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the LIM homeodomain transcription factor Islet1 (Isl1) marks pluripotent cardiovascular progenitor cells and is required for proliferation, survival, and migration of recently defined second heart field progenitors. Factors that are upstream of Isl1 in cardiovascular progenitors have not yet been defined. Here we(More)
The antiherpetic effects of a novel purine acyclic nucleoside, 9-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl)guanine (DHPG), were compared with those of acyclovir in cell cultures and in mice. The modes of action of DHPG and acyclovir were similar in that herpes thymidine kinase phosphorylated each compound, and both agents selectively inhibited viral over host cell DNA(More)
Compartmentation and dynamics of cAMP and PKA signaling are important determinants of specificity among cAMP's myriad cellular roles. Both cardiac inotropy and the progression of heart disease are affected by spatiotemporal variations in cAMP/PKA signaling, yet the dynamic patterns of PKA-mediated phosphorylation that influence differential responses to(More)
Previous studies of surface modification of quartz particles have suggested that the biological activity of silica is at least in part related to its surface properties. In the present study, we exposed the tracheal lobe of 8 sheep to either 100 ml saline (saline group), 100 mg of quartz (Minusil-5) in 100 ml saline (SI group) or 100 mg of Al lactate(More)
BACKGROUND PINCH proteins are 5 LIM domain-only adaptor proteins that function as key components of the integrin signaling pathway and play crucial roles in multiple cellular processes. Two PINCH proteins, PINCH1 and PINCH2, have been described in mammals and share high homology. Both PINCH1 and PINCH2 are ubiquitously expressed in most tissues and organs,(More)
The action of high doses of cigarette smoke alone or combined with coal dust or acrolein was investigated in noninbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhalation occurred up to six sessions per day (Hamburg machine), the animals being subjected to a treatment with oxygen after each inhalation session to reduce the carbon monoxide level in the blood. The amount of tar(More)
The protected nucleoside 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-3,5-di-O-benzoyl-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-ethylura cil (10) was prepared by condensation of 3,5-dibenzoyl-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-arabinofuranosyl bromide (9) with 2,4-bis-O-(trimethylsilyl)-5-ethyluracil (8). The ratio in this coupling reaction has been raised to 17:1 in favor of the desired beta-anomer.(More)