Jodie Roberts

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A series of studies from our laboratory have established that fetal rat and human neuropeptide Y (NPY) cortical neurons in aggregate cultures are differentially regulated. In a preliminary study we found that primary astrocytes produce substantial amounts of immunoreactive (IR) NPY. We addressed the question: Is astrocyte production of NPY-IR a regulated(More)
Images from instruments on Cassini as well as from telescopes on the ground reveal the presence of sporadic small-scale cloud activity in the cold late-winter north polar of Saturn's large moon Titan. These clouds lie underneath the previously discovered uniform polar cloud attributed to a quiescent ethane cloud at ~40 km and appear confined to the same(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) induces expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons in aggregate cultures derived from the fetal rat cortex. Using BDNF induction of NPY production and neurite extension of NPY neurons as functional and morphological criteria, respectively, we addressed the question: Does BDNF(More)
Spatially separated populations of many species fluctuate synchronously. Synchrony typically decays with increasing interpopulation distance. Spatial synchrony, and its distance decay, might reflect distance decay of environmental synchrony (the Moran effect), and/or short-distance dispersal. However, short-distance dispersal can synchronize entire(More)
We have previously demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) induces persistent neuropeptide Y (NPY) production in cortical cultures in an ERK1/2-dependent manner. In some studies, it was shown that BDNF leads to the downregulation of TrkB receptor and some of its downstream responses, whereas in others it does not. We examined whether the(More)
Changes in the expression of somatostatin (SRIF) have been observed in the brains of HIV encephalitis. Since gp120 is thought to play a major role in AIDS-associated abnormalities in the brain, we addressed the question: Does gp120 alter the functional expression of human fetal SRIF neurons in culture and if so, is this effect fetal-age dependent? Aggregate(More)
The diets of Antarctic toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni and Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides were examined around the South Sandwich Islands in the Southern Ocean, one of few regions with overlapping populations of the two species. Despite large differences in the proportion of stomachs containing prey (76·2% of D. mawsoni compared to 7·2% of D.(More)
The aim of this study was to establish a culture system that can serve as a model to study hypoxic-ischemic mechanisms regulating the functional expression of NPY neurons in the perinatal brain. Using an aggregate culture system derived from the rat fetal cortex, we defined the effects of oxygen and glucose deprivation on NPY expression, using BDNF-induced(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that astrocyte cultures express neuropeptide Y (NPY) in a regulated manner, namely, phorbol ester leads to an increase in proNPY-mRNA and NPY production. In this respect, the behavior of astrocytes derived from the human fetal or rat neonatal brain is similar (Regul. Pept. 75 (1998) 293). Since astrocytes can be exposed to(More)