Jodi Lovejoy

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Estimates of the quantitative contribution of adipose tissue to whole-body glucose metabolism, previously reported as 1-3%, have been revised to be on the order of 10-30%. These revised estimates come, in part, from a recognition that adipose tissue uses glucose to produce lactate and pyruvate, in addition to CO2 and triglycerides. Lactate production by(More)
Studies in rodents have shown that short-term increases in dietary fat result in fat cell enlargement and insulin resistance. In humans, although high-fat diets have been associated with obesity, little is known about the specific metabolic effects of these diets. In this study we explored possible associations between habitual dietary composition and(More)
Lactate metabolism is altered in obesity. Increasing obesity is associated with increased blood lactate levels after an overnight fast. In contrast, we have recently shown a marked decrease in the capacity for acute lactate generation in obese subjects following an oral glucose load, which we postulated might be linked to altered insulin sensitivity. In the(More)
Eight female rhesus monkeys living in an outdoor social group were studied for two menstrual cycles during the breeding season. During one cycle, adrenal steroids were suppressed for an average of 24 days using dexamethasone (0.6 mg/day) administered via subcutaneous osmotic minipumps. During the other cycle females were implanted with control pumps(More)
To examine early metabolic abnormalities in obesity prior to the development of carbohydrate intolerance, we studied 14 lean and 37 obese subjects with normal glucose tolerance. All subjects underwent a standard 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with the addition of lactate measurement. As expected, there was a positive relationship between basal(More)
The sexual behavior of six adult rhesus females was observed with each of four males prior to, during, and following a 90 day treatment with 20 micrograms/day of a gonadotropin releasing-hormone (GnRH) agonist (WY-40972). All females ovulated, approached males and copulated during an untreated cycle. No ovulations occurred during agonist treatment and all(More)
Mathematical modeling was used to explore the interaction between glucose, insulin, and lactate during the frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGTT). Insulin-modified FSIGTs were performed in 25 lean volunteers, and an additional 5 volunteers underwent FSIGTs with glucose injection alone to illustrate the effect of insulin on both(More)
ingitis virus (LCMV) infection in employees and rodents at 3 commercial breeding facilities. Of 97 employees tested, 31 (32%) had IgM and/or IgG to LCMV, and aseptic meningitis was diagnosed in 4 employees. Of 1,820 rodents tested in 1 facility, 382 (21%) mice (Mus musculus) had detectable IgG, and 13 (0.7%) were positive by reverse transcription PCR; LCMV(More)