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The lipophilization of polar antioxidants such as phenolics is an efficient way to enhance their solubility in apolar media. Thus, in emulsified systems, lipophilized antioxidants are supposed to locate at the lipid/aqueous phase interface and to lead to a better protection of unsaturated lipids. Herein, the antiradical activity of chlorogenic acid (5-CQA)(More)
The efficacy and stability against Listeria monocytogenes of nisin and lysozyme encapsulated in phospholipid liposomes was evaluated. Antimicrobial-containing liposomes were prepared by hydrating dried lipids with buffer containing nisin, nisin plus the fluorescence probe calcein, or calcein and lysozyme. Mixtures were then centrifuged and sonicated, and(More)
This study examined the effects of three chelating agents (EDTA, disodium pyrophosphate [DSPP], and pentasodium tripolyphosphate [PSTPP]) on the inhibition of the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by lysozyme. The objective of this study was to identify replacement chelators that exhibit synergistic properties similar to those of EDTA. The inhibitory(More)
Liposomes, spherical bilayer vesicles from dispersion of polar lipids in aqueous solvents, have been widely studied for their ability to act as drug delivery vehicles by shielding reactive or sensitive compounds prior to release. Liposome entrapment has been shown to stabilize encapsulated, bioactive materials against a range of environmental and chemical(More)
The effect of lipid composition [phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and cholesterol] on size, stability, and entrapment efficiency of polypeptide antimicrobials in liposomal nanocapsules was investigated. PC, PC/cholesterol (70:30), and PC/PG/cholesterol (50:20:30) liposomes had entrapment efficiencies with calcein of 71, 57, and 54% with(More)
Evidence that dietary lycopene decreases the risk for a number of health conditions has generated new opportunities for the addition of lycopene to functional foods. This work examined the potential of oil-in-water emulsions as a lycopene delivery system for foods. Oil-in-water emulsions containing lycopene were prepared using different kinds of surfactant(More)
Growth inhibition of four strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (H1730, F4546, 932, and E0019) and Listeria monocytogenes (Scott A, 101, 108, and 310) by essential oil components (carvacrol and eugenol) solubilized in nonionic surfactant micelles (Surfynol 465 and 485W) was investigated. Concentrations of encapsulated essential oil components ranged from 0.02(More)
The effect of surfactant surface coverage on formation and stability of Tween 20 stabilized tripalmitin solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) was investigated. A lipid phase (10% w/w tripalmitin) and an aqueous phase (2% w/w Tween 20, 10 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7) were heated to 75 degrees C and then homogenized using a microfluidizer. The resulting oil-in-water(More)
In this study we investigated the effect of droplet size on the antimicrobial activity of emulsions containing two essential oil compounds that are known for their antimicrobial effectiveness: carvacrol and eugenol. Coarse emulsions were prepared by blending a triacylglyceride (Miglyol 812N) containing various concentrations of carvacrol or eugenol (5, 15,(More)