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The ligands, receptors and related signaling proteins of the insulin-like growth factor family are involved in the regulation of breast-cancer cell growth. We investigated the expression pattern of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), insulin receptor (IR) and insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a core downstream signaling protein, in 69(More)
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum has recently been introduced into the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for cutaneous melanoma because of its prognostic value. We hypothesised LDH to be of value in discriminating melanoma patients entering AJCC stage IV from patients staying in AJCC stages I, II or III. Lactate dehydrogenase was(More)
During recent years it has become evident that protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt plays an important role in oncogenic transformation. The gene for PKB/Akt has been found to be overexpressed in certain human tumours and a viral fusion protein gains transforming capacity. Recruitment to the plasma membrane is mandatory for the physiological activation of PKB/Akt;(More)
In multiple myeloma (MM), the presence of tumor cells in leukapheresis products (LP) has been demonstrated with highly sensitive molecular biological tools in up to 100% of cases. Therefore methods to reduce the tumor load of LP by CD34+ selection are envisaged. However, there is controversy as to whether the CD34+ cell is already involved in the malignant(More)
Several genes implicated in the development of various malignancies appear to be of minor relevance in melanoma. We therefore aimed to find a tumour suppressor candidate involved in this malignancy by comparing gene expression in uncultured primary melanoma specimens with those in acquired melanocytic naevi, from which quite often melanomas are known to(More)
In metastatic melanoma S100beta as well as melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) are elevated in the serum in the majority of patients. Elevation has been found to correlate with shorter survival, and changes in these parameters in the serum during therapy were recently reported to predict therapeutic outcome in advanced disease. However, the value of these(More)
Recent publications suggest that tyrosinase mRNA in blood as well as in bone marrow is detectable only in a subgroup of patients with metastatic melanoma. This would imply that tyrosinase mRNA is of limited value as a tumor marker. We addressed the question of whether patients with metastatic melanoma and RT-PCR-detectable tyrosinase mRNA in blood or bone(More)
Histiocytes have a pivotal role in wound repair and intestinal epithelial recovery - the most important goal to sustain gut functionality. Yet, an in vivo description of colonic histiocytes by confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is missing. Here, we report the case of a 45-years-old male patient who was referred to our clinic with weight loss and a history(More)
Collagen and calcium-binding EGF domain-containing protein 1 (CCBE1) bi-allelic mutations have been associated with syndromes of widespread congenital lymphatic dysplasia, including Hennekam Syndrome (HS). HS is characterized by lymphedema, lymphangiectasia, and intellectual disability. CCBE1 encodes a putative extracellular matrix protein but the(More)