Jochen Suess

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Over the past decades, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has become a growing public health concern in Europe and Asia and is the most important viral tick-borne disease in Europe. It is also important in the Far East and in other parts of Asia. Vaccination can effectively prevent TBE. It is indicated for persons inhabiting or visiting a TBE endemic area who(More)
This review focuses on the epidemiology and ecology of the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus including all the factors influencing the ecology of the TBE virus, environmental and climatic conditions, the vectors and reservoir hosts and their interactions. Consequently, the structure and the conditions of natural foci of TBE are described, as well. Special(More)
H2N2 influenza A viruses caused the Asian pandemic of 1957 and then disappeared from the human population 10 years later. To assess the potential for similar outbreaks in the future, we determined the antigenicity of H2 hemagglutinins (HAs) from representative human and avian H2 viruses and then analyzed the nucleotide and amino acid sequences to determine(More)
Several human diseases in Europe are caused by viruses transmitted by tick bite. These viruses belong to the genus Flavivirus, and include tick-borne encephalitis virus, Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus, louping ill virus, Powassan virus, Nairovirus (Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus) and Coltivirus (Eyach virus). All of these viruses cause more or less(More)
We report the findings of a 12-year surveillance study (1977–89) of avian influenza A viruses in eastern Germany. Viruses were isolated directly from feral ducks (n=236) and other wild birds (n=89); from domestic ducks (n=735) living on a single farm; and from white Pekin ducks (n=193) used as sentinels for populations of wild aquatic birds; mainly sea(More)
In Germany, 100-300 autochthonous clinical TBE cases have been recorded annually. There are high-risk areas in Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg and ongoing low-risk areas in Hesse, Thuringia, and the Rhineland-Palatinate and single cases in Saxony. In order to be able to evaluate the epidemiological changes described here, it must be mentioned that a new(More)
Avian influenza A viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes periodically cause severe outbreaks of disease in poultry. The question we wished to address in this study is whether these highly pathogenic strains constitute unique lineages or whether they and related nonpathogenic viruses are derived from common ancestors in the wild bird reservoir. We therefore(More)
The deduced amino acid sequence at the hemagglutinin (HA) cleavage site of 76 avian influenza (AI) viruses, subtypes H5 and H7, was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and cycle sequencing techniques to assess pathogenicity. Eighteen of the 76 viruses were isolated in 1993 and 1994 from various sources in the United States. In(More)
Traditionally, the classification of risk areas of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is based on the recording of autochthonous cases of the disease. In Germany, an extension of these areas over the years and an increasing virus prevalence in ticks have been observed in recent years. Registration of foci with autochthonous TBE cases, recording of disease(More)
A polymerase chain reaction for the detection of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) RNA in ticks was developed. Two pairs of primers for nested PCR were selected from the 5'-NCR and the 5'-terminus of the C protein coding region, which are highly conserved among the TBEV isolates sequenced so far. The sensitivity of the nested PCR was tested by dilution(More)