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Technological and Geographical Knowledge Spillover in the German Empire 18771918
We use a newly developed data set of 39,343 high-value patents granted between 1877 and 1918 to demonstrate that technological progress during German industrialization occurred in at least fourExpand
What made southwest German firms innovative around 1900? Assessing the importance of intra- and inter-industry externalities
This paper investigates the impact of clustering on the innovative activity of firms. The study, one of the few using firm-level data, is based on a newly constructed dataset, including informationExpand
Technological Creativity and Cheap Labour? Explaining the Growing International Competitiveness of German Mechanical Engineering before World War I
Abstract Which factors caused the growing international competitiveness of German mechanical engineering industry in the pre-World War I period? In this paper, we want to address this question andExpand
Shaping the national system of inter-industry knowledge exchange: Vertical integration, licensing and repeated knowledge transfer in the German plastics industry☆
We will claim in this paper that it was in particular the above-average propensity to share innovative information with customers and competitors which caused the exceptional internationalExpand
Moral Hazard in a Mutual Health-Insurance System: German Knappschaften, 1867-1914
This paper studies moral hazard in a sickness-insurance fund that provided the model for social-insurance schemes around the world. The German Knappschaften were formed in the medieval period toExpand
The Berlin Stock Exchange in Imperial Germany - A Market for New Technology?
Analysing 474 cases of firms going public in the German capital between 1892 and 1913, we show that innovative firms could rely on the Berlin stock market as a source of financing. The data alsoExpand
Knowledge spill-over from new to old industries: The case of German synthetic dyes and textiles (1878–1913)
Abstract We construct a data set of long-lived German patents of patent classes dyes (22) and dyeing (8) to measure the accumulation path of technological knowledge with respect to dyeing textiles.Expand
Guns and Butter - But No Margarine: The Impact of Nazi Economic Policies on German Food Consumption, 1933-1938
The German population's material standard of living during the 'peace years' of the Nazi regime (1933-38) is much debated. We use hitherto disregarded consumption data and the axiom of revealedExpand
Does Social Security Crowd Out Private Savings? The Case of Bismarck’s System of Social Insurance
Imperial chancellor Bismarck’s system of social insurance (with its three pillars health, accident and pension insurance) was an important role model for social security systems across Europe and inExpand