Jochen Schulze

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Although Wnt signaling is considered a key regulatory pathway for bone formation, inactivation of β-catenin in osteoblasts does not affect their activity but rather causes increased osteoclastogenesis due to insufficient production of osteoprotegerin (Opg). By monitoring the expression pattern of all known genes encoding Wnt receptors in mouse tissues and(More)
X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is a genetic disorder caused by mutational inactivation of the PHEX gene, encoding a transmembrane endopeptidase expressed in osteoblasts. Since several experiments involving Phex-deficient Hyp mice have demonstrated that an increased expression of Fgf23 in osteoblasts is causative for the renal phosphate loss(More)
WNT5A has recently been implicated in inflammatory processes, but its role as a bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)-derived mediator of joint inflammation in arthritis is unclear. Here, we investigated whether inflammatory stimuli induce WNT5A in BMSC to control inflammatory responses. WNT5A levels were determined in human BMSC after stimulation with(More)
Although Wnt signaling in osteoblasts is of critical importance for the regulation of bone remodeling, it is not yet known which specific Wnt receptors of the Frizzled family are functionally relevant in this process. In this paper, we show that Fzd9 is induced upon osteoblast differentiation and that Fzd9(-/-) mice display low bone mass caused by impaired(More)
Since the hematopoetic system is located within the bone marrow, it is not surprising that recent evidence has demonstrated the existence of molecular interactions between bone and immune cells. While interleukin 1 (IL-1) and IL-18, two cytokines of the IL-1 family, have been shown to regulate differentiation and activity of bone cells, the role of IL-33,(More)
Wnt signalling is a key pathway controlling bone formation in mice and humans. One of the regulators of this pathway is Dkk1, which antagonizes Wnt signalling through the formation of a ternary complex with the transmembrane receptors Krm1/2 and Lrp5/6, thereby blocking the induction of Wnt signalling by the latter ones. Here we show that Kremen-2 (Krm2) is(More)
Skeletal metastases are a frequent complication of prostate, breast and lung cancer, and the interactions of tumor cells with bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts have been suggested to play critical roles in disease progression. We have previously shown that treatment of primary murine osteoblasts with conditioned medium of the human(More)
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is the most recently identified member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, which is primarily known for its proinflammatory functions. We have previously reported that IL-33 is expressed by bone-forming osteoblasts, and that administration of recombinant IL-33 to bone marrow cultures inhibits their differentiation into bone-resorbing(More)
Prostate cancer primarily metastasizes to bone, and the interaction of cancer cells with bone cells results in a local activation of bone formation and/or bone resorption. Since the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the development of these tumor-induced osteoblastic or osteolytic lesions are still poorly understood, we have compared the effects(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to identify molecular markers for articular cartilage (AC) that can be used as tools for the quality control of tissue engineered (TE) cartilage. DESIGN A genome-wide expression analysis was performed using RNA isolated from articular and growth plate (GP) cartilage, both extracted from the knee joints of 6 weeks(More)