Jochen Scholz

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We present the results of an analysis of the large-scale anisotropy of cosmic rays in the PeV range. The Rayleigh formalism is applied to the right ascension distribution of extensive air showers measured by the KASCADE (Karlsruhe Shower Core and Array Detector) experiment. The data set contains about 10 8 extensive air showers in the energy range 0.7–6(More)
The flux of cosmic-ray–induced single hadrons near sea level has been measured with the large hadron calo-rimeter of the KASCADE experiment. The measurement corroborates former results obtained with detectors of smaller size if the enlarged veto of the 304 m 2 calorimeter surface is accounted for. The program CORSIKA/ QGSJET is used to compute the(More)
KASCADE has been designed to measure air showers of primary cosmic-ray energies in the PeV region and to investigate the knee phenomenon in the all-particle energy spectrum. Several observations are measured simultaneously for each event by different detector systems. The experiment started to take data in 1996 and has been completed and extended since(More)
We describe the main features of the extensive air-shower array devoted to the study of cosmic-ray primaries and their interactions at primary energies 10 PeV–1 EeV which is starting operation at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. It exploits the existing KASCADE multi-detector facilities, and two new detectors: Grande and Piccolo, with the respective aims of(More)
The interpretation of extensive air shower (EAS) measurements depends on the comparison with EAS simulations. These calculations rely on hadronic interaction models which have to extrapolate into kinemat-ical and energy regions not covered by present-day collider experiments. Therefore, it is necessary to check the reliability of the interaction models(More)
Radio pulses emitted in the atmosphere during the air shower development of high-energy primary cosmic rays were measured during the late 1960ies in the frequency range from 2 MHz to 520 MHz. Mainly due to difficulties with radio interference these measurements ceased in the late 1970ies. LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) is a new digital radio interferometer(More)
A concept for dynamic mixture formation investigations of fuel/air mixtures is presented which can also be applied for many other laser induced fluorescence (LIF) applications. Double-pulse LIF imaging was used to gain insight into dynamic mixture formation processes. The setup consists of a modified standard PIV setup. The " fuel/air ratio measurement by(More)
These investigations aim to validate the applicability of a concept for fuel-air-ratio measurements by laser-induced fluorescence (FARLIF) at elevated temperatures. For the commonly used model fuel isooctane with the fluorescence tracer toluene the FARLIF applicability was confirmed with an excitation wavelength of 266 nm for fuel-air mixtures with λ ≥ 0.2(More)
Laser induced fluorescence is used to develop a 2D measurement technique for mixture formation analysis of fuel and air in a broad temperature regime from 398 K up to 548 K. The measurement principle is called FARLIF (fuel-air ratio by laser-induced fluorescence). Its application is tested on the tracer toluene in the non-fluorescent model fuel isooctane as(More)