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The predominant genetic defect causing p47-phox-deficient chronic granulomatous disease (A47 degrees CGD) is a GT deletion (DeltaGT) at the beginning of exon 2. No explanation exists to account for the high incidence of this single mutation causing a rare disease in an unrelated, racially diverse population. In each of 34 consecutive unrelated normal(More)
Two children with glycogen storage disease type Ib associated with numerous recurrent bacterial infections as a result of neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction were treated with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). One of the two patients was previously treated with recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disease caused by defects in the superoxide-generating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase of phagocytes. Genetic lesions in any of 4 components of this antimicrobial enzyme have been detected. Family-specific mutations are found in 3 of 4 forms of CGD due to deficiencies of the(More)
Analysis of the functional activity of phagocytes is of great importance in the differential diagnosis of patients with recurrent bacterial infections. Here we describe a method to determine the production of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) by microcytofluorometry using dihydrorhodamine 123, a derivative of rhodamine 123. Using this method the ROI(More)
Polysaccharides purified from large-scale cell cultures of the plant Echinacea purpurea were tested for their ability to activate human phagocytes in vitro and in vivo. These substances enhanced the spontaneous motility of PMN under soft agar and increased the ability of these cells to kill staphylococci. Monocytes were activated to secrete TNF-alpha, IL-6(More)
Flow cytometric analyses were performed to study intracellular single-cell calcium transients ([Ca2+]i) in suspended human neutrophils during the initial phase of N-formyl peptide stimulation. Thereby, two neutrophil populations became apparent. Early maximally Ca(2+)-responding (high fluorescence) neutrophils and not-yet Ca(2+)-responding (low(More)
Recently, the diagnosis of a variant form of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) could be established in an 11-year-old girl who had been treated for atopic dermatitis for many years. In addition to severe superinfections of lesions of the skin, the following symptoms were found currently or in her history: an episode of chronic diarrhoea (suspected as(More)
To extend our studies about phenotypical and functional alterations of G-CSF-induced neutrophils we have evaluated their light-scatter profile, mobilization of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and membrane depolarization after stimulation. A significant increase in the forward scatter signals could be demonstrated in such neutrophils from patients with(More)