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BACKGROUND Bisphosphonates are effective agents for the management of osteoporosis. Their low bioavailability and low potency necessitate frequent administration on an empty stomach, which may reduce compliance. Gastrointestinal intolerance limits maximal dosing. Although intermittent intravenous treatments have been used, the optimal doses and dosing(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are critically involved in the development of unstable plaques. Although arteriosclerotic lesions in patients with diabetes mellitus are more unstable than those of nondiabetic subjects, nothing is known about serum levels of MMPs in these patients or about mechanisms to modulate MMP levels. We investigated MMP(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction of CD40L with its receptor CD40 is critically involved in inflammatory cell activation in atherogenesis. In addition, serum levels of soluble CD40L are elevated in acute coronary syndromes and have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in healthy subjects, thus making sCD40L an intriguing target to modulate the(More)
The benefit of sodium fluoride (NaF) in the therapy of osteoporosis is still controversial. For 3 years we monitored patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis subjected to a continuous treatment with 80 mg NaF/day and patients without fluoride treatment. Every 3 months peripheral total and trabecular bone densities were evaluated with high-precision(More)
Osteoporosis is a well-recognized adverse effect of corticosteroid therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of etidronate, intermittent cyclical therapy, in the prevention of corticosteroid-induced bone loss. Patients with various medical conditions starting high-dose corticosteroid therapy were enrolled in the study. The treatment had to be(More)
In addition to the alendronate Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (FOSIT) core protocol 901-0A of 1908 enrolled patients, the use of peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) was explored for the assessment of response to therapy. Bone mineral and strength related parameters at two different sites at the distal radius were explored in a subset of the(More)
Serum concentrations of procollagen I C-terminal propeptide (PICP) were studied in 74 patients with various forms of non-lethal osteogenesis imperfecta and 27 unaffected family members. Using the standard deviation (SD) score, PICP concentrations were found to be > or = -1 SD in 16%, between -1 and -2 SD in 26% and < or = -2 SD in 58% of the patients with(More)
During infection with gram-negative bacteria, exposure of immune cells to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the bacterial cell membrane induces a rapid cytokine response which is essential for the activation of host defenses against the invading pathogens. Administration of LPS to mice induces a state of hyporesponsiveness, or tolerance, characterized by(More)
In a clinical study alfentanil/etomidat-short-active anaesthesia was used in 150 cats. The anaesthesia progress was compared to usual steroid anaesthesia by using clinical parameters as respiratory and pulse frequency as well as reflexes. Surgical tolerance in both anaesthesia was 6 minutes without and 7 minutes with azaperon premedication. In both(More)