Jochen Quintern

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Electromyogram (e.m.g.) responses of lower leg muscles, and corresponding movements were studied following a perturbation of the limb during walking, produced by either (a) a randomly timed, short acceleration or decelerating impulse applied to the treadmill, or (b) a unilateral triceps surae contraction induced by tibial nerve stimulation. Bilateral e.m.g.(More)
A crucial issue of functional electrical stimulation (FES) is the control of motor function by the artificial activation of paralyzed muscles. Major problems that limit the success of current FES systems are the nonlinearity of the target system and the rapid change of muscle properties due to fatigue. In this study, four different strategies, including an(More)
We have studied the gastrocnemius electromyographic (EMG) responses and the cerebral potentials evoked in normal subjects by perturbations of stance and gait in the form of short treadmill acceleration impulses. In the stance condition a small EMG response (LM1; latency around 40 ms) was followed by a strong muscle activation (LM2; latency 75-90 ms).(More)
A detailed model of the human knee was developed to predict shank motion induced by functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS). A discrete-time model is used to characterize the relationship between stimulus parameters and muscle activation. A Hill-based model of the musculotendon actuator accounts for nonlinear static and dynamic properties of both muscle(More)
The surface electromyogram (EMG) of mm. tibialis anterior and triceps surae was recorded in 10 patients with spasticity, 10 patients with rigidity and 20 normal subjects and correlated with the changes in ankle joint angle during the different phases of the gait cycle. While the strength and timing of EMG activity recorded from triceps surae during the(More)
In order to investigate the neuronal mechanisms underlying the compensatory movements following stance disturbance, leg muscle e.m.g. responses and cerebral potentials evoked by a treadmill acceleration impulse were analysed. It was found that the displacement was followed by a cerebral potential of a latency of 40–45 ms and EMG responses in the calf(More)
The cerebral potentials (c.p.) evoked by electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve during stance and in the various phases of gait of normal subjects were compared with the c.p. and leg muscle e.m.g. responses evoked by perturbations of stance and gait. Over the whole step cycle of gait the c.p. evoked by an electrical stimulus were of smaller amplitude (3(More)
We have investigated bilateral leg muscle activation following an obstruction of the forward swinging leg during gait. When the holding impulse was released at the beginning of the swing phase, weak gastrocnemius (GM) and biceps femoris (BF) responses appeared in the contralateral, standing leg. When the holding impulse was released at the end of the swing(More)
In the functional electrical stimulation of the lower extremity of paraplegics to achieve standing and walking, a mathematical model describing the passive elastic joint moments is essential in order to implement model-based control algorithms. In a previous investigation of ten normal persons we had found significant coupling of passive, elastic joint(More)
1. Electromyogram (e.m.g.) responses of the leg musculature and the corresponding joint movements were studied following a perturbation of the limb during walking on a treadmill, produced by a randomly timed treadmill acceleration impulse, either predictable, or unpredictable in its amplitude and rate of acceleration. 2. The rate of rise of ipsilateral(More)