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The pectate lyase gene pelA from alkaliphilic Bacillus licheniformis strain 14A was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence corresponded to an open reading frame of 1,026 bp that codes for a 39 amino acid signal peptide and a mature protein with a molecular mass of 33,451 Da. The mature PelA showed significant homology to other pectate lyases(More)
Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony type is a respiratory disease of considerable economic importance in sub-Saharan Africa; control of the disease in Africa is hampered by diagnostic tests which are suited for herd-level but not for individual animal diagnostics. In the work presented we identified(More)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia which leads to high economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. Vaccination against this pathogen is hampered by the occurrence of 15 serotypes, and commonly used whole cell bacterin vaccines are not sufficiently cross-serotype protective. In addition, for generating and(More)
The BeAn strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) causes a demyelinating leukomyelitis in mice, which serves as an important animal model for multiple sclerosis in humans. The present report describes the generation and characterization of a TMEV-specific polyclonal antibody by immunization of rabbits with purified TMEV of the BeAn strain.(More)
A cell-free protein translocation system derived exclusively from a Gram-positive bacterium is described here for the first time. Highly efficient in vitro synthesis of plasmid encoded preprolipase of Staphylococcus hyicus is accomplished by coupled transcription/translation using either a cytosolic extract of S. carnosus alone or in combination with(More)
Heterologous protein secretion was studied in the gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus carnosus by using the Escherichia coli outer membrane protein OmpA as a model protein. The OmpA protein was found to be translocated across the plasma membrane of both microorganisms. However, the majority of the translocated OmpA was similarly(More)
The translocation of secretory proteins derived from a Gram-positive (Staphylococcus hyicus prolipase) or a Gram-negative (Escherichia coli pre-OmpA protein) bacterium across the cytoplasmic membrane was studied in E. coli and Bacillus subtilis. In both microorganisms, the prolipase was found to be secreted across the plasma membrane when either the(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of paratuberculosis (Johne's disease [JD]), a chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants. JD is one of the most widespread bacterial diseases of domestic animals with significant economic impact. The histopathological picture of JD resembles that of Crohn's disease (CD), a human(More)
The Staphylococcus carnosus secA gene was cloned using the Bacillus subtilis secA gene as a probe. The S. carnosus secA encodes a polypeptide of 844 amino acid residues which is homologous to other known SecA proteins. The S. carnosus SecA functionally complemented the growth and secretion defects of a temperature-sensitive B. subtilis secA mutant at the(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes Johne's disease, a chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants. Furthermore, infections of humans with MAP have been reported and a possible association with Crohn's disease and diabetes type I is currently discussed. MAP owns large sequence polymorphisms (LSPs) that were exclusively found in(More)