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The effective Knudsen diffusion coefficients for characteristic oxide powder beds used in heterogeneous uptake experiments have been measured using countercurrent diffusion and transient pressure drop techniques. Room-temperature thermal-velocity-normalized effective Knudsen diffusion coefficients are found to lie in the 0.15 to 0.35 microm range for(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase, c-kit (Steel Factor (SF) receptor) controls survival, proliferation, chemotaxis, and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in mast cells (MCs). Activation of c-kit results, amongst others, in induction of the PI3K and MEK/Erk pathways. Comparison of two MEK inhibitors, the specific, widely used U0126 and the more selective(More)
We report laboratory experiments and modeling calculations investigating the effect of a hydrocarbon coating on ammonia ice spectral signatures. Observational evidence and thermochemical models indicate an abundance of ammonia ice clouds in Jupiter's atmosphere. However, spectrally identifiable ammonia ice clouds are found covering less than 1% of Jupiter's(More)
Experimental results are presented that support the surface-catalyzed production of nitric oxide from the recombination of oxygen and nitrogen atoms on quartz. The experiments employ two-photon laser induced fluorescence detection of atomic oxygen and atomic nitrogen to characterize changes in gas-phase atom concentrations as the ratio of O to N atoms is(More)
The surface-catalytic recombination of oxygen and nitrogen atoms to form nitric oxide was confirmed by the direct detection of product NO molecules, using single-photon laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. Experiments were performed from room temperature to 1200 K in a quartz diffusion-tube sidearm reactor enclosed in a high-temperature tube furnace.(More)
Low-temperature, amorphous water ice films grown by vapor deposition under high-vacuum are exposed to microwave-frequency discharge-activated oxygen in order to investigate its effect on the ice surface. Adsorption of methane is used to probe alterations to microscale structures and surface morphology. Films are interrogated throughout the experiment by(More)
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