Jochen L. Cremer

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BACKGROUND Aortic stenosis is a frequent valvular disease especially in elderly patients. Catheter-based valve implantation has emerged as a valuable treatment approach for these patients being either at very high risk for conventional surgery or even deemed inoperable. The German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) provides data on conventional and catheter-based(More)
OBJECTIVE Obese patients are usually thought to have an increased risk for complications in coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS Therefore, the data of 500 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at our department in 1998 by use of cardiopulmonary bypass were analyzed. Severe obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) > or =(More)
BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent ischemic event. We hypothesized that RIPC reduces postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether revascularisation improves prognosis compared with medical treatment among patients with stable coronary artery disease. DESIGN Bayesian network meta-analyses to combine direct within trial comparisons between treatments with indirect evidence from other trials while maintaining randomisation. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR(More)
Transient episodes of ischemia in a remote organ (remote ischemic preconditioning, RIPC) can attenuate myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury but the underlying mechanisms of RIPC in the target organ are still poorly understood. Recent animal studies suggested that the small redox protein thioredoxin may be a potential candidate for preconditioning-induced(More)
Transient episodes of ischemia in a remote organ or tissue (remote ischemic preconditioning, RIPC) can attenuate myocardial injury. Myocardial damage is associated with tissue remodeling and the matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2/9) are crucially involved in these events. Here we investigated the effects of RIPC on the activities of heart tissue(More)
OBJECTIVE Trans-catheter aortic and pulmonary valve replacement procedures can result in favorable outcomes in selected patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the functioning of a novel self-expanding valved stent with super-absorbent polymer (SAP) for minimally invasive replacement of the tricuspid valve. METHODS A newly designed nitinol(More)
AIM To study in patients performing international normalized ratio (INR) self-control the efficacy and safety of an INR target range of 1.6-2.1 for aortic valve replacement (AVR) and 2.0-2.5 for mitral valve replacement (MVR) or double valve replacement (DVR). METHODS AND RESULTS In total, 1304 patients undergoing AVR, 189 undergoing MVR and 78 undergoing(More)
OBJECTIVE Anastomosing the left anterior descending artery (LAD) by use of the internal mammary artery (IMA) via an anterior minithoracotomy represents the most commonly performed minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB). However, little is known about angiographic results beyond patency rates. METHODS Therefore, a retrospective analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term angiographic evaluation of left ventricular performance and size of the great arteries after one-stage neonatal versus two-stage arterial switch operation (ASO) of simple transposition. METHODS Analysis of cineangiographic studies obtained during the process of two-stage ASO for 34 patients and after neonatal repair for 52 patients. (More)