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Aberrant expression of imprinted genes, such as those coding for the insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and neuronatin (NNAT), is a characteristic of a variety of embryonic neoplasms, including Wilms tumor (WT). In case of IGF2, it is generally accepted that loss of imprinting in a differentially methylated region of the IGF2/H19 locus results in biallelic(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Three common mutations of the NOD2/CARD15 gene have been associated with Crohn disease (CD), ileal disease location, and fibrostenotic behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of these mutations on disease manifestation and the risk of surgery in a cohort of German childhood-onset CD patients. METHODS Genotyping for(More)
Overexpression of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), an imprinted gene located on chromosome 11p15, has been reported as a characteristic feature in various embryonal tumors, including Wilms tumor (WT). Recent studies specified loss of imprinting (LOI) in a differential methylated region (DMR) of the IGF2/H19 cluster or loss of heterozygosity (LOH),(More)
The Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) gene plays an essential role in early development and differentiation of the urinary tract, particularly the kidneys. Aberrant transcriptional activity of WT1 is a key finding in the genesis of Wilms tumors (WTs). However, the mechanisms responsible for this alteration remain poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the(More)
PURPOSE The option of nephron sparing surgery for unilateral Wilms tumor has been debated in the recent literature. This procedure is being used increasingly to preserve kidney tissue and function. However, nephron sparing surgery is feasible only for selected cases, and a higher local relapse rate has been observed. Moreover, a significant reduction of(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with sacrococcygeal teratoma, the location of the tumor and surgical intervention affects bladder and rectal function. However, there are no clear guidelines for postoperative assessment of bladder function, and the literature on this subject is scarce especially for children requiring multiple surgical interventions. The aim of this(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze in detail the site of metastasis of stage 4 Wilms tumor (WT) and its correlation with outcome. The databases from 3 major European pediatric cancer institutions were screened for children with WT between 1994 and 2011. Of 208 children identified, 31 (14.9%) had metastases at diagnosis. The lung was affected in 29(More)
INTRODUCTION Funded knowledge about the physiological impact of laparoscopic surgery in children is sparse. Although there are data on hemodynamic compromise after creation of a pneumoperitoneum in children, little is known about microcirculatory changes at the mucosa level. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess gastric microcirculation by(More)
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway is known to be crucial for the regulation of embryogenesis and cell differentiation, and its constitutive activation is associated with a wide range of malignancies. There are two major principles for an activated Wnt/β-catenin pathway. The first is caused by the failure of the destruction complex, mainly due to the decreased(More)
Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common pediatric renal malignancy. A recent ontogenic model suggests that undifferentiated tumor state, and hence poor prognosis, in WT is determined by stabilization of β-catenin in the nucleus. Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) is a downstream component of the Wnt pathway and promotes nuclear localization of β-catenin. As elevation of(More)