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OBJECTIVES In the past, bleeding events have been described for patients with haemophilia taking HIV-1 protease inhibitors. Recently, the FDA published a warning concerning intracranial haemorrhage in patients taking the HIV-1 protease inhibitor tipranavir co-administered with ritonavir. METHODS We investigated (i) platelet aggregation in vivo in(More)
BACKGROUND Selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) called coxibs, are effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Recently, these drugs were associated with an increased risk for myocardial infarction and atherothrombotic events. The hypothesis of thromboxane-prostacyclin imbalance has been preferred to explain these unwanted effects. (More)
The direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban, and the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) have gained approval for use in several indications, most notably for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Hepatic impairment can(More)
AIM Addictive behavior is importantly mediated by mesolimbic dopaminergic signaling. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the DRD2 gene locus, and in addition, the ANKK1 rs1800497C>T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), formerly known as 'dopamine D2 receptor Taq1A C>T polymorphism', for associations with the risk of opiate addiction and the methadone dosage(More)
Formation of platelet-leukocyte aggregates via the CD62 ligand represents an important mechanism by which leukocytes contribute to thrombotic events. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated platelet-leukocyte aggregate formation and markers indicative for platelet, leukocyte, and endothelial activation (CD62, activated fibrinogin receptor glycoprotein(More)
Novel oral anticoagulants are approved in several indications: rivaroxaban, apixaban, and dabigatran for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective hip or knee replacement surgery, and edoxaban for hip or knee replacement surgery and hip fracture surgery (in Japan only); rivaroxaban for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary(More)
We have recently shown that in polymorphonuclear leukocytes, 11-keto boswellic acids (KBAs) induce Ca2+ mobilisation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). Here we addressed the effects of BAs on central signalling pathways in human platelets and on various platelet functions. We found that beta-BA (10 microM), the 11-methylene analogue(More)
Treatment with the direct thrombin inhibitor argatroban (ARG) is often followed by vitamin K-antagonist treatment (VKA). Phenprocoumon (PC) and acenocoumarol (AC) are frequently used in Europe. The standard monitoring test for VKA, pro-thrombin time (PT), is prolonged by direct thrombin inhibitors. Therefore the International Normalized Ratio (INR) obtained(More)
Formation of platelet-leukocyte aggregates (PLA) through the CD62 ligand is an important mechanism by which leukocytes contribute to thrombosis and inflammation. We investigated the formation of PLA in human subjects after stimulation with thrombin receptor activating peptide and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) after treatment with clopidogrel and after in(More)
BACKGROUND Based on a PubMed search of the literature using the terms parecoxib, platelets, thromboxane, bleeding, and platelet aggregation, the effects of parecoxib on platelet function have not fully been established under clinical conditions. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine platelet aggregation, thromboxane B(2) (TxB(2)) formation, and(More)