Jochen G W Theis

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BACKGROUND Many women of reproductive age have depression, necessitating therapy with either a tricyclic antidepressant drug or a drug, such as fluoxetine, that inhibits the reuptake of serotonin. Whether these drugs affect fetal neurodevelopment is not known. METHODS We studied the children of 80 mothers who had received a tricyclic antidepressant drug(More)
Clobazam is a 1,5-benzodiazepine effective in antiepileptic therapy of children and adults. Presently it is mainly used as adjuvant therapy for intractable seizures. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of clobazam on the apparent clearance of other antiepileptic drugs at steady state, and to determine the factors that determine the plasma levels of(More)
The calcium antagonist amlodipine may have the potential for expanded use in children owing to its physiochemistry and pharmacokinetic profile that facilitates once-daily dosing in a liquid formulation. Its safety and efficacy have not been previously evaluated in children. A retrospective analysis of 15 pediatric bone marrow transplant patients who had(More)
PURPOSE An unusually high incidence of anaphylactoid reactions was observed during a phase I/II trial of high-dose intravenous cyclosporine (CsA) therapy to attenuate tumor multidrug resistance (MDR). Five of 21 children experienced severe anaphylactoid reactions shortly after initiation of the first or second CsA infusion. We hypothesized that improper(More)
AIM To assess the pharmacokinetic effect and tolerability of lamotrigine 200 mg day(-1) and olanzapine 15 mg day(-1) coadministration in healthy male volunteers. METHODS Subjects were randomized to receive either lamotrigine titrated on days 1-42 with olanzapine added on days 43-56 (LTG + OLZ group; N = 16), lamotrigine titration with placebo added on(More)
AIMS In the Second European Stroke Prevention Study headaches associated with dipyridamole frequently (8% of patients taking dipyridamole or dipyridamole plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) vs 2% of patients taking ASA or placebo) led to discontinuation of therapy. We have now used data from a recent trial comparing the bioequivalence of two formulations of the(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of P-glycoprotein in malignant tumors has been associated with poor responses to chemotherapy. It appears biologically plausible that addition of the P-glycoprotein inhibitor cyclosporine (CsA) to standard chemotherapy may improve the outcome. The protective functions of P-glycoprotein in healthy tissues, however, have not been(More)
There are conflicting reports on the role of ATP-gated potassium channels (KATP) in the perinatal pulmonary circulation. To investigate this issue, we have used isolated pulmonary resistance vessels from near-term fetal lambs and have tested levcromakalim and glybenclamide, respectively a KATP opener and blocker, on muscle tone at fetal and neonatal PO2,(More)
Isolated pulmonary resistance arteries from term fetal lambs have nitric oxide (NO)- and prostaglandin-mediated relaxing mechanisms which are activated when PO(2) is raised from fetal to neonatal levels. The same vessels contract under hypoxia, and the contraction has been ascribed to endothelin-1 (ET-1). We have now studied these vasoeffector mechanisms(More)