Jocelyne Chabert

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BACKGROUND Drug-induced long QT syndrome is a serious adverse drug reaction. Methadone prolongs the QT interval in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. In the inpatient setting, the frequency of QT interval prolongation with methadone treatment, its dose dependence, and the importance of cofactors such as drug-drug interactions remain unknown. METHODS We(More)
Polymorphisms of the cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) gene affecting enzyme activity are involved in interindividual variability in drug efficiency/toxicity. Four phenotypic groups are found in the general population: ultra rapid (UM), extensive (EM), intermediate (IM) and poor (PM) metabolizers. The AmpliChip CYP450 test is the first genotyping array allowing(More)
We investigated whether a single blood measurement using the minimally invasive technique of a finger prick to draw a blood sample of 5 µl (to yield a dried blood spot (DBS)) is suitable for the assessment of flurbiprofen (FLB) metabolic ratio (MR). Ten healthy volunteers who had been genotyped for CYP2C9 were recruited as subjects. They received FLB alone(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibromyalgia (FM) has been related to biochemical alterations, central pain sensitization and psychological distress. Among genetic and environmental hypotheses, a role was suggested for catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT), a modulator in the metabolism of monoaminergic neurotransmitters. METHOD This study compared the COMT Val158Met enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND Buprenorphine is used as an analgesic for postoperative and chronic pain. The usual sublingual dose is 0.2 to 0.8 mg, and the usual parenteral dose is 0.3 mg for acute postoperative pain. The pharmacokinetic and related pharmacodynamic properties of buprenorphine at these doses have not been characterized. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to(More)
The calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine is removed from lymphocytes by the drug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the ABCB1 gene for which several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified. Of a total of 87 healthy volunteers genotyped for ABCB1 G2677T/A and C3435T SNPs, 10 GG-CC and 9 TT-TT individuals were selected and(More)
UNLABELLED Neurobiological evidence points to altered central nervous system processing of nociceptive stimuli in fibromyalgia. Enzymes like catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) are involved in the elimination of catecholamines playing a possible role in central sensitization and pain. We used quantitative sensory testing to evidence central sensitization(More)
BACKGROUND Investigations based on quantitative sensory testing have consistently shown evidence of allodynia in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients involving both the spinal and supraspinal pain regulatory systems. Functional imaging studies have demonstrated enhanced neural activities in pain-related brain areas as well as impairment of pain inhibition(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy of venlafaxine at a dose of 18.75 mg/day on the reduction of behavioral problems such as irritability and hyperactivity/noncompliance in patients with intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our secondary hypothesis was that the usual doses of zuclopenthixol and/or clonazepam would decrease in the(More)
BACKGROUND There is some evidence that dextromethorphan (DM) is effective as a pre-emptive analgesic agent.  DM is mainly metabolized to dextrorphan (DOR) by CYP2D6 whose activity can be inhibited by pharmacologic intervention. OBJECTIVES To investigate the efficacy of DM as a pre-emptive analgesic agent and describe the population pharmacokinetics in the(More)
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