Jocelyne Brun

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Melatonin is a methoxyindole synthesized and secreted principally by the pineal gland at night under normal environmental conditions. The endogenous rhythm of secretion is generated by the suprachiasmatic nuclei and entrained to the light/dark cycle. Light is able to either suppress or synchronize melatonin production according to the light schedule. The(More)
The temporal organization of plasma melatonin and cortisol secretion was examined in healthy rested controls and in depressed patients: 11 patients suffering from a primary affective disorder (10 female, 1 male) and 8 male controls were studied over a 24-hr period; blood was collected at 2-hr intervals during the day at 1-hr intervals at night. Plasma(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the inter-relationships between pituitary-adrenal hormones and catecholamines during a prolonged competition over 6 days. Plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), cortisol (C), β-endorphin (βEP), free and sulphated adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA) were measured in 11 volunteer male subjects during a national(More)
This study replicates the alleviation of jet-lag with melatonin in a simplified protocol for eastward flight. At 22-n hr (n is the time-lag between the North American departure point and France), subjects took either melatonin (8 mg, n = 15), or placebo (n = 15) on the day of the return flight and for 3 consecutive days. On day 8, self-ratings significantly(More)
In order to determine sources and metabolism of melatonin in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), melatonin and 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6S) concentrations were measured in CSF sampled during neurosurgery in both lateral and third ventricles in patients displaying movement disorder (Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia or dyskinesia) and compared(More)
Melatonin is an indole hormone that is produced by the pineal gland, mainly at night, with a peak around 3.00 a.m. under normal environmental conditions. This endogenic secretion cycle is generated by the suprachiasmatic nuclei in response to the day/night alternation. Light either suppresses or entrains melatonin production according to the time of light(More)
Nocturnal urinary excretion of melatonin, LH, progesterone and oestradiol was measured by radioimmunoassay in nine normal women during a complete cycle. In addition, these hormonal excretions were studied in two women taking an oral contraceptive. A high within-subject coefficient of variation was observed for melatonin excretion in the two groups. In the(More)
A single physiological dose of melatonin (20 micrograms for 3 h given intravenously at different times of the day (04.00-12.00, 16.00 and 20.00 h) was able to shift the endogenous plasma melatonin profile of healthy volunteers under entrained conditions according to a phase-response curve (PRC). ANOVA showed an effect of the time of administration on the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of melatonin during the day-time has been studied in 4 healthy subjects after a bolus i.v. injection of 5 or 10 μg/person and after a 5 h infusion of 20 μg per person in 6 healthy subjects. In addition, a pinealomectomized patient whose nocturnal plasma melatonin had been abolished was investigated after the i. v. infusion — once during(More)
The choice of the period is a problematic in the field of the analysis of rhythms which is not yet sufficiently formalized in the sense that it was often postulated that the period is known and more precisely in the case of the circadian rhythms. We propose some methods which have a great reliability in the determination of the period and consequently can(More)