Jocelyne Bachevalier

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Performance on visual delayed nonmatching-to-sample was assessed in rhesus monkeys with combined and separate ablations of the perirhinal and entorhinal cortex, as well as in unoperated controls. Combined (i.e., rhinal cortex) lesions yielded a striking impairment on this task, one almost as severe as that seen after combined amygdalohippocampal removals(More)
Inferior temporal cortex is perhaps the highest visual processing area and much anatomical work has focused on its connections with other visual areas in temporal and occipital cortex. Here we report connections of inferior temporal cortex with regions in the frontal and parietal lobes. Inferior temporal areas TEO and TE were injected with WGA-HRP and(More)
Visual recognition in monkeys appears to involve the participation of two limbothalamic pathways, one including the amygdala and the magnocellular portion of the medial dorsal nucleus (MDmc) and the other, the hippocampus and the anterior nuclei of the thalamus (Ant N). Both MDmc and Ant N project, in turn, to the prefrontal cortex, mainly to its ventral(More)
Although substantive understanding of brain dysfunction in autism remains meager, clinical evidence as well as animal brain research on the effects of early damage to selective brain system have now yielded enough knowledge that some provisional hypotheses concerning the etiology of autism can be generated. Basically, the underlying premise of this review(More)
Object memory processes, evaluated in rhesus monkeys by delayed nonmatching-to-sample with trial-unique stimuli and object reversal learning, were more severely impaired by orbital frontal than by anterior cingulate lesions. Spatial memory processes, assessed by spatial delayed response and spatial reversal learning, showed a weak trend in the opposite(More)
As part of a long-term study designed to examine the ontogeny of visual memory in monkeys and its underlying neural circuitry, we have examined the connections between inferior temporal cortex and medial temporal-lobe structures in infant and adult monkeys. Inferior temporal cortical areas TEO and TE were injected with WGA conjugated to HRP and tritiated(More)
Experiments with 9 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) showed, for the first time, that abstract-concept learning varied with the training stimulus set size. In a same/different task, monkeys required to touch a top picture before choosing a bottom picture (same) or white rectangle (different) learned rapidly. Monkeys not required to touch the top picture or(More)
Recognition memory was assessed by submitting the same adult monkeys to visual paired comparison (VPC) with mixed delays (10-120 sec), followed by three consecutive versions of object-delayed nonmatching-to-sample (DNMS): increasing delays (10-600 sec), lengthened lists (3-10 objects), and intervening distractors in the delays (light at 10 sec, motor task(More)
All previous reports describing alterations in emotional reactivity after amygdala damage in monkeys were based on aspiration or radiofrequency lesions which likely disrupted fibres of passage coursing to and from adjacent ventral and medial temporal cortical areas. To determine whether this associated indirect damage was responsible for some or all of the(More)
Lesion studies in adult monkeys have suggested that an experience can enter into memory in two ways: as cognitive information stored in a cortico-limbo-thalamocortical system (involving the higher order sensory areas of cortex, the amygdala, hippocampus, and entorhinal cortex, the medial thalamic nuclei, or ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and the basal(More)