Jocelyn North

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Cancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) with benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD-MA, verteporfin) may be effective not only by being directly cytotoxic to tumor cells, but also by being cytotoxic to the endothelium of tumor neovasculature. In the present study, we investigated the effect of PDT with an experimental liposomal formulation of BPD-MA on(More)
Experiments have been carried out to identify the polypeptide components of the Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-determined membrane antigen (MA) complex. Cells were radioiodinated using lactoperoxidase and the 125I-labelled surface antigens, released by Triton X100, were analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) after(More)
A method is described for the preparation of a 125I-labelled membrane antigen (MA) component (gp340) from B95-8 cell membranes using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Good yields of antigenic material were obtained when renaturation of the [125I]gp340 was carried out by removal of SDS in the presence of urea and(More)
The effectiveness of immunisation of mice, rabbits, and cotton-top tamarins with small amounts of EB virus MA glycoprotein gp340 , incorporated into artificial liposomes, has been compared using various routes of injection with or without additional adjuvants. Liposomes containing gp340 gave specific high titre antibodies after i.p. or i.v. administration,(More)
We have studied a secondary IgG anti-dinitrophenyl response in dissociated mouse spleen cell cultures which is comparable in magnitude to the responses detected after adoptive transfer. The data indicate that the responsive precursor cell is not a recirculating memory cell but is an intermediate B cell type which appears in vivo after antigen challenge of(More)
We have investigated whether the intermediate cells that arise in primed mice after boosting require further cycles of division in culture before maturation into IgG antibody secreting cells. Killing of dividing cells between days 1--4 in culture, by exposure to BUdR-uv irradiation ablated the high IgG response observed on day 5 in control cultures. After T(More)
The antigen and T-cell requirements for the final stages of proliferation and maturation of DNP-KLH primed and boosted mouse spleen cells into IgG antibody secreting cells have been studied in vitro. The requirement for free antigen ceases after 24-48 h in vitro. The carrier-specific T-cell requirement for triggering of activated B cells by a soluble(More)
The purified Mr 340,000 glycoprotein component of Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-induced membrane antigen complex incorporated into liposomes was shown to be a potent immunogen in mice. High-titer antisera were induced that (i) are specific for membrane antigen components without absorption, (ii) bind the antigens induced by three different EB virus isolates, and(More)
Whereas DNP-KLH primed mouse spleen cells fail to show the high IgG anti DNP levels characteristic of an anamnestic immune response when cultured for 5 days under Mishell-Dutton conditions, we show here that such a response can be observed after 8--10 days in vitro using modified Marbrook culture vessels. The kinetics of this secondary response in vitro(More)