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PURPOSE To examine MR characteristics and enhancement patterns of spinal ependymomas and compare these data with histopathologic subtypes. METHODS The MR images from 26 cases of pathologically proved spinal ependymomas were evaluated with respect to seven criteria: signal characteristics, enhancement pattern, length of involvement, cysts or syrinxes,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Severe gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID) impairs patients' quality of life and is almost uniformly fatal after complications of parenteral nutrition. Intestinal and multivisceral transplants have been used as alternative treatment of these disorders. We studied patients with GID treated with transplantation in our center, and reviewed(More)
We describe a 33-year-old homosexual man with a steroid-responsive, remitting and relapsing leukoencephalopathy associated with recent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) seroconversion. Biopsy of a parieto-occipital lesion revealed demyelination and astrogliosis with focal necrosis. Detailed investigations demonstrated no pathogens in the brain(More)
Schwannosis (aberrant proliferation of Schwann cells and nerve fibers) has been reported following spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we examined the incidence of schwannosis following human SCI, and investigated its relationship to gliosis. We found evidence of schwannosis in 32 out of 65 cases (48%) of human SCI that survived 24 h to 24 years after(More)
A 41-year-old man presented with left optic neuritis (ON) without evidence of other autoimmune disease or hormonal imbalance. MRI showed enlargement of the left optic nerve but no sellar lesion. The patient recovered after steroid therapy but later developed right ON and required treatment again. Follow-up MRI revealed an ill-defined, enlarging sellar(More)
A case of a left temporo-occipital arteriovenous malformation associated with a pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is described. The patient had the vascular lesion with a stable right hemiparesis for many years prior to his recent clinical deterioration. Correlation is made with nine previously reported cases of angiogliomas. With the close proximity and(More)
Caudal dysplasia syndrome (CDS) is associated with hypoplastic lower extremities, caudal vertebrae, sacrum, neural tube, and urogenital organs. Sirenomelia is characterized by a single lower extremity, absent sacrum, urogenital anomalies, and imperforate anus. There is controversy in the medical literature about whether sirenomelia and CDS are part of the(More)
A preterm boy was born at 34 weeks. Prenatal ultrasonography showed oligohydramnios, fetal ascites, large kidneys, and small thorax. He died 21 h after birth of respiratory insufficiency. Autopsy revealed Potter's-like facies, hypoplastic lungs, ascites, and bilateral nephromegaly (renal weight almost 10 times normal). The kidneys were finely nodular(More)